The segment is not meant to condemn anyone.
Jesus told the woman caught in adultery to ‘Go (and from now on), sin no more.’ But if we don’t understand what sin is, how can we achieve Jesus’ counsel? How do we repent from that we don’t know?
NB: Forgiveness of sins is important but God requires us to repent from dead works (Heb 6:1).
The Project Team aims to help you understand what sins are. It has identified 150 different sin-types as found in the New Testament, with each supported by its accompanying Biblical verse(s).
It answers some popular questions including:
- Can Christians drink alcohol? Should Christians go to alcohol-related parties?
- Is suicide a sin?
- Is sex permitted with someone of the same gender?
- Are Christians allowed to take revenge?
- How should Christians handle business and employment agreements?
- Are there sins that God will never forgive? If so, what are these?
S1 - Being evil minded
1 Thes 5:22 ‘Abstain from every form of evil’
What is evil? In a general definition, it is the absence of good. Yet, it is more than that. To the world, it is associated with an act that is malicious. But is that how Christians would describe ‘evil’?
Inanimate objects like a table or a tree cannot be evil. The same maybe said of animals. For example, we cannot expect to place a sheep into a lion’s den without the former being eaten up by the latter; it is in the lions’ DNA to do what lions do.
But we, human beings, can be described as ‘evil’ because there is the critical element of ‘intent’ (some might called it ‘motivation’) behind what we do.
Matt Slick of CARM (Christian Apologetics and Research Ministry) said – if a person’s break someone’s arm to save his life, then that is not considered evil. However, if a person breaks someone’s arm in order to watch him suffer, then that is evil as it violates a Christian commandment which is to love your neighbor as yourself (Matt 22:39).
Rom 1:19-20 (NLT) says, ‘They know the truth about God because he has made it obvious to them. For ever since the world was created, people have seen the earth and sky. Throughout everything God made, they can clearly see his invisible qualities – his eternal power and divine nature. So, they have no excuse for not knowing God.’
Within all human beings, we have an internal thermostat that enables us to distinguish between right and wrong as well as good and evil. Hence, almost all societies have documented standards identifying and punishing ‘evil’ behavior although those standards may vary and, over time, change.
To a Christian, sin means missing the mark or not doing that which we are supposed to do in accordance to God’s commands. Abraham Lincoln, the great American President, said, ‘But for it (the Bible), we could not know right from wrong.’ For Christians, the universal standards of right and wrong, and good and evil, have been explicitly established within the Bible (God’s Word).
Here is the question – To Christians, is sin the same as evil? For example, lying is a sin but if there is no malicious intent, is that still evil?
The original Greek word for ‘evil’ is ‘poneros‘ and it is the same as evil, bad, wicked, malicious, and even slothful (or lazy). A servant who failed to use the talent allocated to him was also called ‘evil’ (poneros) by the Lord (Matt 25:26). It is the same with someone who is lazy. For more information on the former, please go to S81, Fail to use our gifts.
God’s concept of evil seems to encompass more than what the world understands ‘evil’ to be, that is, beyond ‘malicious intent’; it, in fact, implies all sin-types.
Within this Project, we will attempt to unpack these sin-types as found in the New Testament.
Abstain from every form of evil.
Feedback from EL incorporated
S2 - Being wicked
Rom 1:29 separates the word ‘evil’ with ‘wickedness’. ‘Wickedness’ is defined as the ‘quality of being evil or morally wrong’ or ‘the extent of being bad’. The word, ‘wretched’ is also associated with ‘wickedness’.
The original Greek word is ‘adikia’. It can be translated as unrighteousness and/ or injustice. Unrighteousness includes how we deceived others for our own gain, treachery, or even a judge who practices injustice. It can also be rewards that we received from doing wrong.
The two terms seem to be used interchangeably. Is the purpose of Rom 1:29 intended to draw emphasis?
S3 - Worship the devil
Devil worshipper – Rev 9:20 talks about the last days and how the unrepented ‘continues to worship demons and idols made of gold, silver, bronze, stone, and wood—idols that can neither see nor hear nor walk!’
We know that since the days of the early church, idol worship was widespread. For example, in the Book of Acts, while Paul was in Ephesus, a silversmith, Demetrius, a maker of the silver shrines of Diana, instigated a riot in order to protect his own livelihood (Acts 19:21-35).
There are of course many people who worship idols made of gold, silver, bronze, stone and wood. We often see these worshippers, for example, in places like Asia.
Does the modern-day environment include other forms of devil worship?
It is a sin to worship idols and demons.
S4 - Not seeking after God (Neglecting God)
Rom 3:11 No one understands; no one seeks God.
It is a sad truth but many people simply do not seek for God; God is not on their agenda. Societies purposely write God away by endorsing evolution. And it has nothing to do with a person’s intellectual level. In fact, in some communities, belief in God may even be considered a mental illness; we know a few communist countries do actually incarcerate their God-fearing citizens.
It does not help that progressively, most public schools across the world are teaching evolution rather than creationism. And the mainstream media castigate and mock anyone who vaguely mentions God.
Is it that difficult to believe in God? The Bible says in Ps 19:1, ‘The heavens declare the glory of God, and the sky above proclaims his handiwork.’ The way our individual DNA reveals a higher creative power – for example, every cell of our bodies exists with a very detailed instruction code much like a miniature computer program. Our DNA is really a full instruction manual.
Dr Ben Carson, renowned pediatric neurosurgeon and a member of the distinguished US National Academy of Sciences Institute of Medicine as well as currently the US Secretary of Housing and Urban Development, said, ‘I think it takes a lot more faith to believe in evolution than it does to believe in God.’
God promises in Jeremiah 29:13 that everyone who ‘seek me (will) find me when you seek me with all your heart.’
Ultimately, we have very little excuses. People will rather busy themselves in regard to day-to-day activities rather than to ask the confronting question of whether God exists.
People make choices and some are hellbent not to seek God.
S5 - Hate God
Rom 1:30 describes a group of people who are ‘haters of God’.
These people resent God. Do you know of anyone who just loath God? Do you know a person who brazenly shakes his/ her fists at God? The late brilliant theoretical physicist, Stephen Hawking, seemed to be one such person.
Do you know of people who hate someone else intensely? That might be able to explain how some people would hate God.
S6 - Claim to be God
“For many will come in my name, saying, ‘I am the Christ’ and they will lead many astray.” It takes someone with a lot of evilness and godlessness to claim to be the Christ. But we can think of a few throughout the centuries and they have misled throngs of people through their charisma, teachings and religious systems. Sometimes, it might involve wars as conquered people are coerced into embracing this ‘new’ religion.
There are, obviously, not many people who dare to claim that they are God. The late C S Lewis, a brilliant Oxford professor, put it best when he said that a man who claimed to be God is either a liar, a lunatic or the real thing.
Question: How do the various religious leaders of Christianity, Islam, Buddhism, and Hinduism stand up to their claims?
S7 - Blaspheme God's name(s)
‘And they cursed the name of God’ Rev 16:9. What does it mean to ‘curse the name of God’? How often do people swear using the name ‘Jesus Christ’? Would that be the same as ‘cursing the name of God’?
Godless people will not think twice about using that name because Jesus meant nothing to them. Within our societies, unfortunately, adults and movies are modeling such behavior as acceptable to their children.
It is a sin to use the name of Jesus carelessly as a swear word.
S8 - Possess an unteachable spirit
John 9:41, ‘Jesus said to them, “If you were blind, you would have no guilt; but now that you say, ‘We see,’ your guilt remains.”
Godlessness may also take the form of a spirit that is not teachable. The Pharisees, although they were teachers of the law, could not see the obvious that was in front of them; a man born blind was miraculously healed by Jesus on the Sabbath. Yet, the Pharisees chose not to acknowledge the miracle but to attack Jesus because he had healed on the Sabbath.
The Pharisees had become unteachable. Do we see Christians doing the same? Also, see S138, Blaspheme against the Holy Spirit.
S9 - Worship idols
1 Cor 10:14, ‘Therefore, my beloved, flee from idolatry’. Idolatry is godlessness. Idolatry relates to ‘idol’ – ‘idol’ being an image or representation of a god used as an object of worship. Idolatry is, thus, the worship of an image of someone the person considered to be equated with God.
Idolatry takes many forms beyond S3 – Worship the devil. Someone may choose to worship another person because the other person is a famous movie star or a football player.
We can also worship consumerism, the activity of buying and accumulating goods for the sheer joy of doing so. Others might turn towards a certain brand of cars. It starts becoming an idol when all we can think of is that person or item and when we are prepared to spend a substantial amount of money on that thing.
Idolatry can take the form of our own created ‘god’, of what we feel God ought to be. 2 Tim 4:3 (NLT) says, ‘For a time is coming when people will no longer listen to sound and wholesome teaching. They will follow their own desires …’ We create God in our own image as against God creating us in his own image (Gen 1:27).
Idolatry for Christians often begin as an innocent activity.
S10 - Practice deceitfulness
Titus 1:10 calls such people ‘deceivers’. Who is a deceiver? It refers to someone who mislead others by a false appearance of statement. Or someone who leads others to believe something that is not true.
D92 describes Satan as the father of lies. John 8:44 says, Satan ‘is a liar and the father of lies’. Lying and deception are similar although outright lying is probably more obvious than deception. To deceive, one has to give the appearance of truth; hence, the issue of half-truths; half-truths are far more dangerous than outright lies.
A deceitful person is a godless person, mixing half-truths in order to gain your trust before taking advantage of you.
Interestingly, Islam practices a doctrine of deception called ‘Taqiyya’. For more information, click here.
S11 - Practice sorcery and witchcraft, including fortune-telling, mediums, and psychics
Rev 21:8 says, ‘But to the cowardly and unbelieving … and sorcerers …. Their place will be in the lake that burns with fire and sulfur.’
Sorcery is the use of black magic or witchcraft. Almost immediately after President Trump took office in Jan 2017, a group of witches gathered and performed a mass spell designed to ‘bind him so that his malignant works may fail utterly’. The Facebook group attracted more than 10,500 likes and coined the hashtag #magicresistance.
Horoscope, foretelling and mediums are the same as ‘sorcery’. Deut 18:10-12 (NLT) says, ‘Do not let your people practice fortune-telling, or use sorcery, or interpret omens, or engage in witchcraft, or cast spells, or function as mediums or psychics, or call forth the spirits of the dead. Anyone who does these things is detestable to the LORD. It is because the other nations have done these detestable things that the LORD your God will drive them out ahead of you.’
Sorcery and the practice of witchcraft are real and they represent godlessness.
S12 - Steal from others
Eph 4:28 says, ‘Let the thief no longer steal but rather let him labor, doing honest work with his own hands so that he may have something to share with anyone in need.’
Theft which is the action of stealing, taking from others with the intention of depriving the rightful owner, is a sin. We will discuss forms of stealing later on.
S13 - Invent evil things (Evil Protagonist)
Rom 1:30 describes these people as ‘inventors of evil or evil things’. There are many innovators but there are some who invent ‘evil things’. What would come under this category’? Consider these examples:
- Margaret Sanger who pioneered the forerunner of Planned Parenthood Federation. She helped to bring about abortion. Is abortion is sin? If a fetus is in distress before birth, the newspapers would report that the mother would like to keep the baby. But if it is referred to for abortion, a more impersonal term, ‘fetus’, is used. According to World Health Organization (WHO), every year in the world (accurate as of 2019), there are approximately 40 to 50 million abortions. As a matter of comparison, in 2017, the population of Spain and California were 46.57 million and 39.54 million respectively.
- Larry Flynt and Hugh Hefner who propagated and advanced pornography to the masses,
- Inventors of religions and cult groups that misled thousands if not millions of people to worship idols and go after false gods,
- The invention of sarin gas as a killing tool.
The love of money and our creative minds often entice people to create ‘evil things’. What other inventions can you deem as being ‘evil’?
S14 - Teach a false gospel
2 Peter 2:1 says, ‘But false prophets also arose among the people, just as there will be false teachers among you, who will secretly bring in destructive heresies, even denying the Master who bought them, bringing upon themselves swift destruction. And many will follow their sensuality, and because of them the way of truth will be blasphemed.’
Gal 5:20 used the word, ‘heresies’ – The Greek word is ‘hairesis’ in Gal 5:20 or a self-chosen opinion or a separate religious sect.
The Apostle Peter wrote this letter to churches across ‘Pontus, Galatia, Cappadocia, Asia, and Bithynia’ (1 Peter 1:1). These places are located in modern Turkey which is now an Islamic nation.
Such cults might use a different book from the Bible or an additional book of instructions. Or they may ‘forbid marriage and require abstinence from foods’ (1 Tim 4:3).
In Matt 7:15-19, Jesus taught us to ‘recognize them by their fruits.’
What does a ‘true’ gospel look like? While Heb 6:1-2 provides us the fundamental teachings of what it means to be a Christian, the basic Christian doctrines are as follows:
- The central theme of the gospel is that we are all sinners and require God to save us and forgive our sins. We can receive that forgiveness through faith in Jesus alone, and not in accordance to our good deeds (Rom 3:23, Eph 2:8),
- Jesus, by dying on the cross, became our substitutional sacrifice for sins; he took on himself the guilt and necessary punishment for our sins (Gal 3:13, 1 Peter 2:24),
- In addition to putting our faith in Christ alone, believers must also repent, or turn away, from their sins (Acts 2:38),
- Jesus’ resurrection is a precursor to what we can expect in the future for ourselves (1 Cor 15:20),
- The Bible is the word of God and believers must live by what is written in it (John 14:15),
- Following our conversion, believers must share the gospel and make disciples of all nations (Matt 28:19).
Manipulation of the masses through the use of false religions has been an age-old weapon among a few evil people whether it is because of money and greed or just wrongful zeal.
It is a grave sin to teach and perpetual a false gospel.
S15 - Run after money (lovers of money)
1 Tim 6:10 says, ‘For the love of money is a root of all kinds of evils. It is through this craving that some have wandered from the faith and pierced themselves with many pangs. ‘Love of money’ is a ‘disease’ that infects many of us, whether the person is a minister of the word or a homeless man. Luke 16:14 calls out the Pharisees as being ‘lovers of money’ and Mark 3:19 calls it out as being ‘the deceitfulness of riches.’
We can tell where our priorities lie by observing how we respond to money situations. Does our heart follow the money?
Someone said that money is an amplifier – it makes you more of what you already are. If we are generous, more money will make us more generous. If we worry, with more money, we will worry more. And if we are arrogant, having more money will make us even more arrogant.
Money by itself is not ‘evil’ but it is the ‘love of money’ that is sin.
S16 - Accumulate wealth as an end goal
Luke 12:21 calls out a rich fool ‘who lays up treasure for himself and is not rich toward God.’
This sin is targeted at the rich, and not necessarily famous, believers.
All of us needs money to survive; it is the currency of our society. But some sees money as an end to itself. Accumulation becomes a sport. The Bible calls these people as those who ‘lay up treasures on earth’.
We have, for example, read about how some political leaders have generated so much obscene wealth but yet continue to do so. Robert Mugabe, the previous strongman of Zimbabwe, for example, has been reported to possess more than £ one billion and he is already 95 years old. In such an impoverished country as Zimbabwe, his youngest son posted on Instagram a photograph of his $60,000 watch which was doused with champagne from a bottle of Armand de Brignac gold champagne, reportedly retailing at $400 a bottle. Why do you think Mugabe has chosen to accumulate?
But it is not just political leaders. Many sufficiently well off people suffer from the disease of wealth accumulation and neglect to ask God what he would like them to do with what they already have. The issue with wealth is that we can never take it with us when we die.
S17 - Spend wastefully and carelessly
Matt 14:20 says, ‘And they all ate and were satisfied. And they took up twelve baskets full of the broken pieces left over.’
Jesus had just finished feeding the five thousand. But the Bible also recorded this mundane event of clearing and cleaning up. Was Jesus an environmentalist or was he emphasizing the importance of not wasting?
There were other incidents when he miraculously turned a few fishes and loaves of bread into much food in order to feed his traveling congregation. In John 6, Jesus turned five barley loaves and two fishes into enough food to feed more than five thousand people. Again, he got his disciples to ‘gather the leftovers, so that nothing is wasted’ (John 6:12). They collected twelve baskets of fragments.
Jesus detested waste. As believers, we have to learn how not to be wasteful too with our time, money and energy.
S18 - Accept bribery beyond one's income
Luke 3:13 says, ‘Collect no more than you are authorized to do.’
This came from John the Baptist. He emphasized that it is important if we are custodian of money not to be corrupt. During those days, the soldiers could have collected more money and pocketed the difference.
Another important consideration is the perversion of justice. Prov 17:23 says, ‘The wicked accepts a bribe in secret to pervert the course of justice.’
We can always rationalize and adjust accordingly for our benefit. Whatever which way, corruption is a sin.
NB: This is not to say that believers cannot give gifts. In fact, it is encouraged. Proverbs 18:16 says, ‘Giving a gift can open doors; it gives access to important people.’
Similarly, in Prov 17:6, it reads, ‘A bribe is like a magic stone in the eyes of the one who gives it; wherever he turns he prospers’. The word ‘bribe’ here is the Hebrew word ‘shochad’ and may be translated as a ‘present’.
S19 - Swindle money from others
S20 - Fail to provide for the family
1 Tim 5:8 says, ‘If anyone does not provide for his relatives, and especially for members of his household, he has denied the faith and is worse than an unbeliever.’ Those are quite heavy words. It is even more problematic as people in some countries choose not to work and rely on the state for welfare grants. It is equally sad when certain men impregnate a woman and then move away without supporting her or acknowledging the child as his own.
Choosing not to provide for one’s own household is a major sin, enough for Paul to say that this person is ‘worse than an unbeliever.’.
S21 - Profit from preaching the Gospel
Luke 16:14 says, ‘The Pharisees who were lovers of money.’
Surprisingly, it is not that difficult to accumulate money through sharing the word of God if one is charismatic. Inherent within people is a yearning for God and preachers can use that to their advantage. Many pastors may start off with the best of intentions but money is a great tempter. And there is a lot of money to be made in religions.
In the US, for example, religious organizations are given tax exemptions. Churches are considered to be public charities under Section 501(c)(3). As such, they are generally exempt from federal, state, local income and property taxes.
On top of that, megachurch preachers can also make money from selling books and audio messages since they already have a receptive audience.
Of course, the question to ask is, what and how should these preachers be rewarded? Jesus had this to say in regard to preachers who benefit financially from the preaching of his words, ‘My house shall be called a house of prayer for all the nations but you have made it a den of robbers’ (Mark 11:17). Matt 6:24 says, ‘No man can serve two masters: either he will hate the one and love the other ….. You cannot serve God and money.’
It is a sin that all preachers of the word must be careful of. As shepherds, their responsibilities are greater as James 3:1 says, ‘Not many of you should become teachers for you know that we who teach will be judged with greater strictness.’ See also at B345 – Heresies – False Teachers.
Having said this, in order to get a balanced perspective, read also B66, Relationship with Church Elders/ Honor
S22 - Profit from leading a group of believers
2 Peter 2:15 reads, ‘…. They have followed the way of Balaam, the son of Beor, who loved gain from wrongdoing.’ Jude 11 talks about the people abandoning themselves for the sake of gain to Balaam’s error.
Who is Balaam and what did he do? Balaam was a non-Israelite and a special prophet of God; in fact, God spoke to Balaam directly. He must had been a very reliable prophet because Balak, king of Moab, approached him with money to curse Israel when they were advancing toward Moab. Balaam did not manage to pronounce his curses because God prevented him from doing so. But he provided the key to the Moabites to weaken Israel in the sight of God; he suggested to Israel’s enemy to use women and sex to compromise their strengths (Num 31:16).
Here, it shows that even a very credible man of God can cave in to money. It is a warning to God’s servants to serve God rather than mammon (or money).
The problem lies with the fact that we don’t even know our own heart – Prov 16:2 says, ‘All the ways of a man are pure in his own eyes but the Lord weighs the spirit.’
Pastors are really under-shepherds of our great Shepherd. Their leadership is critical because it directly impacts the state of the people and the church. Bad-shepherding can ruin a people and potentially a nation; we have read a few of these cases with men of God who had gone awry. Elements of bad shepherding can be found in Matt 23:13-36 when Jesus described the Pharisees of his days.
If we are unsure of our hearts, shall we not remind ourselves on the importance of contentment like the Apostle Paul?
‘Not that I am speaking of being in need, for I have learned in whatever situation I am to be content. I know how to be brought low, and I know how to abound. In any and every circumstance, I have learned the secret of facing plenty and hunger, abundance and need. I can do all things through him who strengthens me.’ (Ph 4:11-13)
Or ‘Keep your life free from love of money and be content with what you have, for he has said, ‘I will never leave you nor forsake you.’ (Heb 13:5).
Hence, will it be wise to err on the cautious side?
S23 - Profit from selling things relating to the Gospel
John 2:14-16, ‘In the temple he found those who were selling oxen and sheep and pigeons, and the money-changers sitting there. And making a whip of cords, he drove them all out of the temple, with the sheep and oxen. And he poured out the coins of the money-changers and overturned their tables. And he told those who sold the pigeons, “Take these things away; do not make my Father’s house a house of trade.”’
Outside the temple, people were taking advantage and doing business transactions. As a result, people forgot their real reason for being at the temple.
Again, there is lots of money in religion. It could be a gold ornamental cross or a USB containing the teachings of the speaker. The key point: Does it distract a believer from worshiping God?
Is the church the same as the temple? Many churches also set up auxiliary businesses like cafes, child-care centres, and potentially counselling services. These are profit centres. How would Jesus react to our current business model for our modern church? There are some churches that divide their operations into different entities with the business arm under a different name run by a dedicated CEO.
It is a sin when the business becomes a distraction because the deceitfulness of riches creep in without us realizing it. It is a warning to church leaders.
S24 - Become a burden to the congregation
A leader should never be a burden to the congregation that they are serving. Paul was very careful not to be a burden to the church of Corinth when he was there. Paul says in 2 Cor 11:9, ‘I refrained and will refrain from burdening you in any way.’ In Acts 18:3, it was mentioned that Paul supported himself by making tents while living and preaching in Corinth.
A leader who burdens a group of his/ her members is no Christian leader at all. It is a sin to put members under unnecessary burden.
S25 - Choke by the worries and cares of the world
Luke 8:14 talks about the ‘cares of this world’. In this case, it spoke about a believer who is so concerned about the world that the person stops being effective in the church. The believer, for example, may drop out of church, or prayer meeting or simply not been involved in fellowship with other believers.
‘Worries and cares of the world’ is a legitimate concern. It is considered ‘sinful’ because it leads to ‘unfruitfulness’; we become ineffective and stuck in the rout of life. ‘Worries and cares’ also represents a lack of faith in God to look after our well being.
Learn to walk in faith and trust the Lord.
S26 - Distracted by the busyness of life
Jesus was in town. While Mary ‘sat at the Lord’s feet and listened to his teaching’, ‘Martha was distracted from much serving.’ She went on to complain to Jesus about Mary’s irresponsibility of not serving. But Jesus replied, ‘Martha, Martha, you are anxious and troubled about many things but one thing is necessary, Mary has chosen the good portion which will not be taken away from her.’ (Luke 10:38-42)
Our lives revolve around ‘task’ (or work) and ‘relationship’. Mary had chosen relationship and spent time with Jesus while Martha went about doing her task. Jesus indicated that relationship was what he sought.
There is nothing wrong with ‘doing work’ but if it distracts our ability to have a ‘relationship’ with the person of Christ (or a spouse or other close friends), then it is the time to evaluate our priorities.
Busyness for its own sake is a misdemeanor.
S27 - Act recklessly and impulsively
The Greek word for recklessness is propeteis and is translated as ‘falling forward’, ‘headlong’, ‘headstrong’. Based on Strong’s concordance, it is used to describe impulsiveness or a rash behavior.
Impulsiveness is a sin because it means we do not think about the consequences before we act.
S28 - Desire (Covet) for other things
‘And the cares of the world and the deceitfulness of riches and the desires for other things enter in and choke the word and it proves unfruitful.’ – Mark 4:20
Covetousness is a sin. It is part of the Ten Commandments (Ex 20:17).
What is the ‘desires (greed) for other things’? It is a desire for things that one does not possess. Exodus 20:17 gives some examples – neighbor’s wife, manservant, maidservant, ox, donkey or anything that belongs to your neighbor.
This desire ‘chokes the word’, or the word of God. It hinders God’s ability to speak audibly with us. For more details in regard to the ‘word of God’, please refer to B253 to B262 under ‘Actions/ Decision Making’.
S29 - Get drunk
The Bible never says don’t drink. Drinking alcohol is not a sin. See also B318, Diet-Wine (coming soon). In Jesus’ first recorded miracle, he turned water into wine at a wedding (John 2:6-11). It was a lot of good wine – six water pots of stone.
Based on commentaries found in www.biblehub.com, each pot is approximately 20 gallons or around 76 liters. Hence, six pots would hold 456 liters of wine. In our current context, a bottle of wine is around 750 milliliters. Effectively, 456 liters would give us 608 bottles of good quality of wine.
How many wedding guests do you think they had? 600? That would be quite a few? A bottle per guest? It would work out to a bottle per guest and that is a lot of wine.
Rom 13:13 says that believers should walk properly …. And ‘not in orgies and drunkenness’. Orgies and drunkenness seem to be related. The problem is not drinking but one of drunkenness, of drinking alcohol without discipline. Drunkenness can often lead to debauchery and other kinds of unbecoming behavior. See also S30, Organize Revelries.
In addition, Rom 14:20 also says, ‘Do not for the sake of food, destroy the work of God …. It is good not to eat meat or drink wine or do anything that causes your brother to stumble.’ As mature Christians, we have to be mindful of the possibility in causing a brother/ sister to stumble because of our drinking.
S30 - Organize revelries (drinking parties)
1 Peter 4:3 talks about ‘orgies, drinking parties’. It is drinking parties that we are focusing here. Drinking parties unfortunately often lead to other more sinful opportunities, including sexual orgies and the likes. The Greek word is ‘potos’ or ‘drinking bout’ or ‘carousing’. Peter highlighted that believers should not to be engaged in a lifestyle of debauchery.
S31 - Murder (Are abortion and euthanasia considered 'murder'?)
This is a straightforward sin. Even the world recognizes it.
But what is murder? According to the dictionary, murder is ‘the unlawful premeditated killing of one human being by another.’ Then, what about abortion and euthanasia which in some countries have become ‘lawful’?
When does life begin? It is a sensitive subject since it involves two persons – the mother and the unborn baby. Question – Is the mother the ‘owner’ of her body (the baby being part of her body) or a mere ‘conduit’ for the baby (the creation of which requires an input of a sperm from a man)? Is the baby a ‘person’ but one that is waiting to complete his/ her journey before being introduced into the world or is s/he simply a blob of tissue or a clump of unrecognizable cells belonging solely to the woman involved? Even though abortion might be lawful but is it ethically classified as ‘murder’?
Here is what we know about abortion from a psychological viewpoint: It is often a very traumatic event for a woman. According to a counselor of thirty-five years (Janice Sergison), ‘there is much more trauma post-abortion than an unwanted pregnancy or adoption.’
Similarly, what about euthanasia, the practice of intentionally ending a life to relieve pain and suffering, including mental suffering? Is it ‘legalized’ murder for the person assisting the euthanasia process or suicide for the person requesting for it (For suicide, for more information, please refer to S49, Contemplate Suicide)? Will euthanasia make ‘murderers’ out of clinicians whose primary role should be to ‘do no harm’ to those under their care?
And will euthanasia weaken a society’s respect for the sanctity of life as some lives (those who are disabled or sick) are considered less valuable than others? In addition, will voluntary euthanasia lead to involuntary euthanasia and the acceptance of ‘legally murdering’ people who are perceived to be less desirable?
In the book of Job, when he was in great distress and pain, his wife suggested to him ‘Do you still hold fast your integrity? Curse God and die!’ Job’s wife was telling him to euthanize himself in order to escape the pain of his life. But Job replied ‘Shall we receive good from God, and shall we not receive evil?’ (Job 2:9-10). Faith and trust in God prevented him from taking his own life (suicide).
In 1 Sam 31:4, Saul did euthanized himself in the mist of a losing battle – he told his armor-bearer, ‘Draw your sword, and thrust me through with it, lest these uncircumcised come and thrust me through, and mistreat me.’ His armor-bearer refused to do so and Saul fell upon his own sword. Yet, we know that Saul is an example of a bad king and whose actions were rather dodgy.
The devil indeed has come to ‘steal, kill, and destroy’ (John 10:10). But, praise God, Jesus had come to heal, forgive, and restore.
If you have been in such situation before, whether you have euthanized someone or aborted a baby, may we suggest that you seek out godly counsel to prevent the devil from having a foothold on your life.
If you have been in a bad space before, God still forgives. If He can forgive Paul who endorsed the stoning of Stephen (the first martyr of the church) to death, surely He will forgive you (Acts 7:58).
S32 - Angry
Matt 5:22 says, ‘But I say to you that everyone who is angry with his brother will be liable to judgment.’ The Greek word is ‘orgizo’, or ‘to make angry’. Anger hurts relationships and can often lead to other sins, like murder on the extreme. Anger can result in unforgiveness for both parties.
Eph 4:26 says, ‘Be angry but do not sin.’ It implies that anger is sin but yet there is an anger that do sin not. Anger gives ‘opportunity to the devil’.
Also look at S106, Anger and Rage which also explains how Christians should respond to riots and civil unrest.
S33 - Brutal/ Cruel
Cruelty – 2 Tim 3:3 calls out ‘brutality’. The Greek word is ‘anemeros’ – ‘not tame’ or ‘savage’; brutality to others and even to animals. In Rom 1:31, we find parallel translations with these words – ‘heartless’, ‘merciless’, and ‘ruthless’. Relating to animals, please see B143 – Relationship with animals.
S34 - Malicious
S35 - Hate peace
S36 - Practice human trafficking (slavery)
This is mentioned in 1 Tim 1:10. The word is ‘andrapodistes’ in Greek and it means ‘slave dealers’ or ‘someone who forcibly enslaves, a kidnapper’. It is not a slave owner per se but a person that kidnaps and makes slaves of other people.
S37 - Fail to do good works
Matt 25:42 makes it explicit, ‘For I was hungry and you gave me no food. I was thirsty and you gave me no drink, I was a stranger and you did not welcome me, naked and you did not clothe me, sick and in prison and you did not visit me.’
To be a Christian is to be practical in doing good works. Jesus made it known that ‘if you did not do it to one of the least of these, you did not do it to me.’ Hence, in many Western nations that have a Christian heritage, the culture of helping others is fused into the people. Doing good works was how William Booth started the Salvation Army, which to these days is still acknowledged as a great charitable organisation.
In Luke 10:25-37, Jesus told the story of the good Samaritan. The good Samaritan had just assisted a total stranger he met along the road who was beaten by robbers. At the end of the parable, Jesus asked the enquirer who demonstrated love like a good neighbor to the injured man. The answer became obvious and Jesus counselled the enquirer to ‘go and do likewise.’
To be a Christian and not participate in good works is oxymoronic and a grave sin no doubt, serious enough for Jesus to say, ‘Depart from me you cursed into the eternal fire prepared for the devil and his angels’ (Matt 25:41).
Our good works begin with our neighbors.
James 4:17 (GNT) – ‘If we do not do the good we know we should do, we are guilty of sin.’
S38 - Practice a form of godliness but denying the power of Christ (Hypocritical)
It refers really to religions of all sorts, including churches. It is where the religious institution gives the appearance of being able to know God but in reality is just a facade. It may involve the pomp of the priestly garment, the decorum of the ceremonies and even design of the fine building. They may even implement ‘moral’ policing, whether in a church setting or otherwise.
But it is religion without a relationship with God. These institutions may even explicitly deny that God ever has any power at all. It is hypocrisy.
S39 - Preach something but act otherwise (Hypocrisy)
In Matt 23:3, Jesus when referring to the Pharisees and the Sadducees described them as those who ‘preach but do not practice.’ In fact, Matt 23 provides us a blueprint of false religious and political leaders, including Christian ones.
‘They make their phylacteries broad and their fringes long, and they love the place of honor at feasts and the best seats in the synagogues (religious institutions) and greetings in the marketplaces, and being called rabbi (or Reverend or Dr) by others.’ (Matt 23:5-7).
S40 - Policing outward behaviors (religiosity)
Hypocrisy – Religiosity – Luke 6:7 reads, ‘And the scribes and the Pharisees watched him, to see whether he would heal on the Sabbath, so that they might find a reason to accuse him.’ Religiosity causes people to behave like that.
Religiosity makes people feel condemn and unworthy. The Pharisees were always watching Jesus – what he did and who he met – despite the fact that Jesus was doing good stuff – like healing the sick, casting out the demonic and raising the dead. Religiosity forgets that believers are just sinners saved by grace.
Jesus hated a religious spirit and called the Pharisees ‘blind guides’ and ‘blind fools’ (Matt 23: 16-17). It is a grave sin because these (i.e. the Pharisees and Sadducees) were the only people that Jesus rebuked harshly; NB: Amazingly, Jesus did not even say bad things about the Roman soldiers.
It is worthwhile for us to take note.
S41 - Outward pretense without practicing the key elements of being a Christian (justice/ mercy/ faith)
Hypocrisy – Pretense – Matt 23:23, ‘Woe to you, scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites! For you tithe mint and dill and cumin, and have neglected the weightier matters of the law: justice, and mercy and faithfulness.’
This is the hypocrisy of ‘practice’. The Pharisees were careful to practice their outward demonstration of their religious duties but they neglected matters of the heart. In another passage found in Matt 6:5, Jesus mentioned about the Pharisees who ‘love to stand and pray in the synagogues and at the street corners, that they may be seen by others.’
Believers, here, only practice an outward form of Christianity without an inward change of heart. How many people would hide behind a veneer of religiosity without an inner change of heart?
On a side note, when considering ‘justice, mercy, and faithfulness’ , amazingly justice and mercy are in almost diametrically opposing camps.
Nonetheless, in the death of Jesus, we see the reconciliation of these two elements – justice required that a punishment be meted out because we are all guilty of sins in front of the Father and but mercy stepped in in the form of Jesus Christ who became our sacrifice to pay for price of our sin.
S42 - Outward dressing to show spirituality without an inward change of heart
S43 - Bound believers by getting them to adhere to non-scriptural practices
Matt 23:15 says, ‘When he becomes a proselyte, you make him twice as much a child of hell as yourself.’
Col 2:18-23 talks about some believers who insisted on the practice of pious self-denial as well as the worship of angels, both of which are non-scriptural. Paul explained, ‘These have indeed an appearance of wisdom in promoting self-made religion and asceticism and severity to the body, but they are of no value in stopping the indulgence of the flesh.’
The Bible does list down some guidelines on dos and don’ts but there are some churches that go beyond even what is written in the Bible. There are churches that define how one should dress when coming to church. Another might suggest who one should marry and yet others might encourage people not to get married at all. As discussed by Paul to the Colossians, both pious self-denial and worship of angels are not of the Bible.
Col 2:23 (NLT), ‘These rules may seem wise because they require strong devotion, pious self-denial, and severe bodily discipline. But they provide NO HELP in conquering a person’s evil desires.’
The purpose of this project is to provide clarity for believers regarding what are defined as sins within the context of the New Testament.
S44 - Bound by the rigidness relating to the letter of the law rather than the spirit of it
Hypocrisy – Rigidness – Luke 13:15-17 reads, ‘You hypocrites! Does not each of you on the Sabbath untie his ox or his donkey from the manger and lead it away to water it? And ought not this woman, a daughter of Abraham whom Satan bound for eighteen years, be loosed from this bond on the Sabbath day?’
The Pharisees became so blinded by the letter of the law to the point of forgetting the elements of mercy. They would rather consider healing on a Sabbath to be a sin than the fact that healing had taken place. They treated the adherence of the Sabbath as sacrosanct and forgot the aspects of grace and mercy.
When believers become legalistic, like which Biblical translation is the only one to use, then we are in danger of becoming Pharisees of our days.
S45 - Love to judge others without looking at ourselves
Hypocrisy – Judgmental – Luke 6:42 says, ‘How can you say to your brother, ‘Brother, let me take out the speck that is in your eye,’ when you yourself do not see the log that is in your own eye? You hypocrite, first take the log out of your own eye, and then you will see clearly to take out the speck that is in your brother’s eye.’
There is a danger that among ‘older’ Christians (that is, Christians who have been walking in the faith for quite a while), some may end up becoming critical of other Christians or Christian leaders.
Suggestion: To remain malleable, let Christians pray -> for ourselves – to remain humble and teachable by the Lord, pray for for our leaders – to be bold and unashamed of the Gospel of Christ, and pray for the well-being of our enemies. In addition, do not neglect to do good.
Believers have to beware of judging other believers without being hypocrites. It is easy to judge other believers.
S46 - Steal from widows' households (those disadvantaged) - Hypocrisy of Stealing
In John 12:6, it explains how because Judas Iscariot held the money bag (he was the group’s treasurer), he was also ‘helping himself to what was put into it.’ In other words, criminal breach of trust.
Matt 23:14 reads, ‘Woe to you for you devour widows’ houses’. It was taking advantage and stealing from the helpless. There are always evil people who take advantage of those who are vulnerable, even possibly through legal means.
Stealing is a sin. In the same way, stealing stuff from things that we have been entrusted with is a sin.
S47 - Show partiality in Church
James 2:9 says, ‘But if you show partiality, you are committing sin.’ In James 2, the Apostle James was talking about partiality within a church context. V2 reads, ‘For if a man wearing a gold ring and fine clothing comes into your assembly, and a poor man in shabby clothing also comes in, and if you pay attention to the one who wears the fine clothing ….’
James made it explicit that to showing partiality, whether it is wealth or other things, is unacceptable in church.
S48 - Enjoy excessive eating (obesity), and drug use. Neglect exercising
Our body is the temple of God. We are responsible for its upkeep. Hence, if we eat excessively to the point of gluttony or we take drugs that are detrimental to our bodies, we are, in effect, destroying God’s temple. Our body is ‘holy’.
It is the same if we neglect our bodies through inactivity and laziness.
See also S79, Hedonism for more information.
S49 - Contemplate suicide or self-harm
This is an often asked question and it is never easy to provide an answer.
There are six incidents of suicide mentioned in the Bible and it does not answer the question whether it is the right thing to do. Here are the incidents:
- Abimelech (Judg. 9:54),
- Samson (Judg. 16:28–30),
- Saul (1 Sam. 31:4),
- Ahithophel (2 Sam. 17:23),
- Zimri (1 Kings 16:18), and of course,
- Judas Iscariot (Matt. 27:5).
These are the critical verses to draw principles by:
- Matt 22:39 says, ‘You shall love your neighbor as yourself’. It implies that we need to also love ourselves.
- 1 Cor 3:16-17 says, ‘Do you not know that you are God’s temple and that God’s Spirit dwells in you? If anyone destroys God’s temple, God will destroy him. For God’s temple is holy and you are that temple’.
Here are the key principles:
- We are the temple of God,
- We should love ourselves too (NB: Not overindulge),
- God holds a strong opinion for someone who destroys himself/ herself.
Based on these guiding principles, we believe that suicide is a sin although it does not seem to be an unpardonable one (Please see the section on ‘Unpardonable Sins’ for more information). Moreover, Samson was even rated as a great man of faith in Heb 11:32.
S146 - Choose not to work/ Not use our talents - slothful and lazy
Proverbs consistently highlighted the importance to work hard and not be lazy. Prov 6:6, for example, says, ‘Go to the ant, O sluggard! Consider her ways and be wise.’
Genesis 2:15 says, ‘The Lord God took the man and put him in the garden of Eden to work it and keep (maintain) it.’
God classes slothfulness or laziness as ‘evil’ in Matt 25:26 when a servant failed to use the talent allocated to him; ‘failure to use one’s talent for the Lord’ is rated as ‘laziness’. Jesus said that this servant would end up in ‘the outer darkness’ where there will be ‘weeping and gnashing of teeth’ (Quite very serious stuff).
‘Laziness’ can occur to anyone of us, even ministers of the word. It happens easiest when we lack accountability and structure as these two ‘systemic’ elements motivate us to produce results.
In a 2015 Psychology Today article by Neel Burton, he said:
“Many ‘lazy’ people are not intrinsically lazy, but are so because they have not found what they want to do, or because, for one reason or another, they are not doing it. To make matters worse, the job that pays their bills and fills their best hours may have become so abstract and specialized that they can no longer fully grasp its purpose or product, and, by extension, their part in improving other peoples’ lives. A builder can look with aching satisfaction upon the houses that he has built, and a doctor can take pride and joy in the restored health and gratitude of his patients, but an assistant deputy financial controller in a large corporation cannot be at all certain of the effect or end-product of his labor. So why should he bother?’
When we lose our own purpose to achieve something, when we lack a belief in what God wants us to do (or the situation has become so hopeless that we feel we cannot do anything about it) and we are happy with our status quo, then we stop trying and let the ‘why bother’ syndrome takes over.
‘Laziness’ has nothing to do with employment for even an employed person can be lazy. For those who have too many hours in their hands because they are either unemployed (or seeking employment) or have retired, consider opportunities to do voluntary work.
Slothfulness (laziness) is sin.
S147 - Eat blood or meat with blood (Probably not a sin - best avoided - Read on)
Acts 15:21 says, ‘But should write to them to abstain from the things polluted by idols, and from sexual immorality, and from what has been strangled, and from blood.’
In Acts 15 however, when the disciples met together to decide on whether circumcision should be included for a Gentile, instead of adding rules, they simplified them to just four basic ‘not-to’ – abstain from eating food offered to idols, not to eat food with blood in it or had been strangled, and do not practice sexual immorality (Acts 15:20). Effectively, believers are not to eat food with blood on it or even to eat blood on its own.
The Hebrew Bible (or our Old Testament) specifies a lot of things that Jews should not eat. But in the New Testament, God seemed to have endorsed all food as seen in Acts 10 when the Apostle Peter was told to eat some of the animals that were forbidden under Jewish law. Nonetheless, Acts 15 clarifies that some things were not to be eaten even by believers.
The first time blood was prohibited from being eaten/ drunk came in Gen 9:2-4 when God told Noah not to eat meat that had its lifeblood still in it. It was reinforced in the Law of Moses in Lev 17:14 when it explained, ‘For the life of every creature is its blood: its blood is its life.’ Deut 12:16 reiterated, ‘Only you shall not eat the blood, you shall pour it out on the earth like water.’ That is, we are to drain the slaughtered animal off its blood.
The Apostle Paul, however, said in Col 2:16, ‘Therefore, let no one pass judgment on you in questions of food and drink’, clarifying that since the New Testament, Christ has freed us from the Law as seen in Gal 5:1, ‘For freedom Christ has set us free; stand firm therefore, and do not submit again to a YOKE OF SLAVERY.’
Some cultures continue to eat food with blood, e.g. blood pudding, blood sausage.
Some Christians also do not consider eating blood or food with blood as sin based on Col 2:16. They argued that it was more to placate the Jewish Christians of that era. We would rather not state it one way or the other but place this as a borderline element best to be avoided.
NB: If you have eaten a ‘bloody’ steak, you might want to note that the red liquid is not blood. The red hue is actually a protein called myoglobin which helps muscle tissue store oxygen. It is the iron in myoglobin that makes it red. Myoglobin is not blood.
S148 - Eat meat that has been strangled (Probably not a sin - best avoided - Read on)
Acts 15:21 says, ‘But should write to them to abstain from the things polluted by idols, and from sexual immorality, and from what has been strangled, and from blood.’
Meat that has been strangled has not been properly drained of its blood since an animal’s blood does not simply pour itself out.
Hence, the same logic applies as in S147, Eat blood or meat with blood.
Again, this is a borderline element which we feel that it is best to be avoided if you are aware that the meat that you are having, comes from an animal that has been strangled.
S149 - Eat food offered to idols (Not a sin - Read on)
Acts 15:21 says, ‘But should write to them to abstain from the things polluted by idols, and from sexual immorality, and from what has been strangled, and from blood.’
One struggle with the early church was the widespread practice of idolatry. Hence, food offered to idols was common.
1 Cor 10:28 says that it is perfectly fine to eat any food except when someone says to you, ‘This has been offered in sacrifice.’ The Apostle Paul explained that it was more for ‘the sake of the one who informed you and for the sake of (his) conscience.’
Here is a summary:
- There is nothing wrong with eating meat offered to an idol. The meat by itself is not defiled.
- The Lord provides everything for our enjoyment – 1 Tim 6:17
- However, it is wise to avoid it if we are brought to the awareness that the food has been offered to idols. It is more to protect the conscience of the other person.
Is it a sin? Probably not but it would be sensible to avoid food offered to idols if you are made aware of it.
S150 - Withhold the rightful salary of an employee
Jesus made it clear that all workers should be paid. In Luke 10:7, he appointed seventy-two disciples and sent them two-by-two to go ahead of him to various towns. Jesus then told them to remain in any household that welcomed their presence as ‘the laborer deserves his wages.’ Jesus never shortchanged even a church worker.
Col 4:1 says, ‘Masters, treat your bondservants justly and fairly, knowing that you also have a Master in heaven’ and 1 Tim 5:18, ‘The Scripture says, “You shall not muzzle an ox when it treads out the grain,” and, “The laborer deserves his wages.”‘
James 5:4 explains the rationale, ‘Behold, the wages of the laborers who mowed your fields, which you kept back by fraud, are crying out against you, and the cries of the harvesters have reached the ears of the Lord of hosts. ‘ It concurs with the Old Testament Deut 24:15, ‘You shall give him his wages on the same day, before the sun sets (for he is poor and counts on it), lest he cry against you to the LORD, and you be guilty of sin.’
Withholding the rightful salary of an employee is not just a present-day occurrence but has been going on for the years. Some employers take advantage of their employees in order to improve their own cash flow or simply for the purpose of fraud.
Christian employers should never practice such behavior. It is a sin.
S151 - Marry a non-believer (possibly not a sin but ....)
2 Cor 6:14-15 reads, ‘Do not be unequally yoked with unbelievers. For what partnership has righteousness with lawlessness? Or what fellowship has light with darkness? What accord has Christ with Belial (or the devil)? Or what portion does a believer share with an unbeliever?’
A yoke is a wooden bar that links two oxen together so that they can pull as one. An ‘unequally yoked’ situation is when we have one stronger ox and another weaker one, or matching a taller ox with a shorter one. Clearly, in either case, the law of the lowest denominator comes into play and it becomes difficult to pull the load as one. Worse, the two oxen could be at loggerheads with each other and then it could be a disaster.
The words in 2 Cor 6:15 are even strong, equating ‘unbelievers’ as ‘the devil’. Most believers consider this verse to point towards a marriage between a believer and a non-believer. It might point to more than a marital situation but marital situations are obviously the most critical.
In the Old Testament and in Genesis, Abraham made it clear that his son, Isaac, was only to marry a wife from his relatives. In Gen 24:3, he told his servant that he was ‘not to take a wife for (his) son from the daughters of the Canaanites, among whom (he) dwell.’ The same thing took place with Isaac’s son, Jacob, who went back to his own relatives to find a bribe (Gen 29).
Moses was explicit in Deut 7:3-4 when he said, ‘You shall make no covenant with them and show no mercy to them. You shall not intermarry with them, giving your daughters to their sons or taking their daughters for your sons.’ And in the next verse, it explains why: ‘For they would turn away your sons from following me, to serve other gods. Then the anger of the Lord would be kindled against you and he would destroy you quickly.’
One of the saddest narratives involved Solomon, the wisest and richest of all the kings of Israel and the son of David. He married many women; 1 Kings 11:3 said that he had seven hundred wives of royal birth and three hundred concubines. And in 1 Kings 11:4, it reports that ‘when Solomon was old, his wives turned away his heart after other gods, and his heart was not wholly true to the Lord his God, as was the heart of David, his father.’
Our spouse can make or break us. Additionally, there is the issue of having children together. The critical element lies in the differing values which go to the heart of living lives together and bringing up children. Whose values should we follow?
In the Islamic faith for example, if a believer marries a spouse who is a Muslim, then s/he has to become a Muslim. Even if that is avoidable, their children are automatically classed as Muslims. For them and possibly the ‘unbelieving’ spouse, it is almost impossible to renounce the Islamic faith as to do so would be considered an apostasy punishable by the death penalty.
A friendship can be for a moment but a marital relationship, whether it produces children or not, is meant to be for a life-time. We are free to make choices in life but we are not free from the consequences of those choices.
A simple advice is simply do not get romantically involved with an unbeliever.
S50 - Unbelief
Matt 13:58, ‘And he did not do many mighty works there because of their unbelief.’
Jesus came into his hometown of Bethlehem but could not do many mighty works there because these people saw him as the son of Joseph and did not accorded him the status of the Son of God. Unbelief limited Jesus’ ability to perform miracles.
Heb 3:19 says, ‘So we see that they were unable to enter (their rest) because of unbelief.’ The children of Israel that came out of Egypt bar two (Joshua and Caleb) were unable to enter the Promised Land because of their unbelief. Unbelief is an obstacle preventing the release of God’s power. Believe in God, on the other hand, is equated with ‘righteousness’ (James 2:23).
Unbelief, not trusting God, is a major sin.
S51 - Unforgiveness
Unforgiveness – Mark 11:26 reads, ‘Whenever you stand praying, forgive, if you have anything against anyone, so that your Father also who is in heaven may forgive you your trepasses.’
Unforgiveness is a major sin because Jesus made it clear that if we don’t forgive others, our Father in heaven might not forgive us. Regardless of whatever has had happened to us in the past, our mandate is to forgive.
The reason why we forgive is because we have been forgiven. Almost all of us will fall back into sin on occasions. Yet, when we return and repent before God, he forgives us, not once but over and over again. In Matt 18:22 (NLT), Jesus exclaimed that forgiveness is given ‘not seven times but seventy times seven.’ If God can forgive us each time we sin, then we should also forgive others.
In war situations, some of the atrocities are beyond description. Yet, God’s mandate for us is to forgive because it is a forceful emotional release mechanism for us personally. Truly, there is power in forgiveness and it is within our prerogative to do so.
Do not harbor unforgiveness as it is a grave sin. Choose to forgive because we have been forgiven.
S52 - Unholy
S53 - Unloving
S54 - Unmerciful
The word used for ‘unmerciful’ is ‘aneleemonas’ in Greek as found in Rom 1:31. It is also the same as ‘without natural affection’ or ‘without compassion’. Jesus related the story of the Sabbath and asked, ‘Which of you, having a son or an ox that has fallen into a well on a Sabbath Day, will not immediately pull him out?’ (Luke 14:5). He asked this question because the Pharisees were upset that he healed a man who had dropsy.
When we could have taken on and done something good but chose not to do so, then our heart might be in the wrong place. You will notice repeatedly in the Bible that Jesus did miracles out of compassion. His heart could be moved and so must ours. God could forgive our sins via Jesus because he chose mercy rather than judgement. Hence, we must forgive others who might have harmed us.
Being Unmerciful is a grave sin.
S55 - Unbelieving
The criteria for being saved or ‘having everlasting life’ as defined in the all-time favorite John 3:16 is ‘believing in the Lord Jesus’. The Greek word is ‘pisteuo’ and is the same as ‘having faith in’ or ‘putting our trust in’.
Not believing in Jesus Christ is the same as ‘Rejection of Jesus’ found under unpardonable sins.
S56 - Untrustworthy
The Greek word for ‘untrustworthy’ as found in Rom 1:31 is ‘asunthetos’’ or ‘untrue to an agreement’ or ‘treacherous’. The Bible does not uphold deception as a means of getting things done. It is an abomination. The devil, whom the Bible identifies as the father of lies (John 8:44), is also called the deceiver of the whole world (Rev 12:9).
Deception, lies, and untrustworthiness are the linchpin of the devil. Believers who practice these behaviors are committing serious sins. See also S10, Godlessness – Deceitfulness.
S57 - Heartless
The Greek word for ‘heartless’ as found in Rom 1:31 is ‘astorgos’ or ‘unloving’, ‘devoid of affection’. In other words, a person who cannot feel. Jesus expressed his emotions while on earth. The shortest verse in the Bible in John 11:35 when Jesus visited Lazarus’ tomb was, ‘Jesus wept’.
It is a sin and possibly the first sign of someone with a ‘hardness of heart’.
S58 - Hardness of heart 1
What is hardness of heart? The word ‘hardness’ as found in Mark 3:5 and spoken by Jesus referred to the Greek word, ‘porosis’ or obtuseness or ‘not sensitive’. This reference was made after Jesus healed on a Sabbath but the Pharisees, instead of praising him, accused him of going against the law relating to the Sabbath.
‘Hardness of heart’ is a serious condition. It resulted in the children of Israel not being able to enter the Promised Land as found in Heb 3 and 4. Hence, there were three invitations in these two chapters from the Holy Spirit, ‘Today, if you hear his voice, do not harden your hearts as in the rebellion’ (Heb 3:8, Heb 3:15, Heb 4:7).
To know God and hear him, our hearts have to be soft in order to receive instructions. Hardness of heart is when we choose our will over that directed by the Holy Spirit. And if it is often enough, it reaches a stage as described later in S143 – Hardness of heart 2.
Hardness of heart is a sin and can lead to the ineffectiveness and possible downfall of believers. It also leads to the final destruction of non-believers.
S59 - Self dependency (I'm my god - pride of life and arrogance)
1 John 2:16 calls them the ‘pride of life’ or those who take ‘pride in their achievements and possessions.’ 2 Tim 3:2 calls it ‘proud’, the Greek word being ‘huperephanos’ or arrogant and disdainful.
God says, he ‘opposes the proud but gives grace to the humble.’ James 4:6.
Pride (I’m my god) was what resulted in the fall of Satan. He reached a state whereby he exclaimed, “I will ascend above the heights of the clouds; I will make myself like the Most High.” Satan wanted to be God (Isa 14:14). We are made in the image of God and we have a will. Hence, we can decide that ‘we are gods’.
There is no such thing as ‘self-made person.’ Even a person who works hard and has the giftings to reach where he or she is today still has got to depend on many factors which are beyond his/ her control; for example, like the country, time, and place that the person is born in.
Our failure to acknowledge God in our endeavors, our sense of ‘self dependency’ or ‘self reliance’ without God, is a sin.
S60 - Disobedience to authorities (including governments)
In highly democratic nations like the USA or even Hongkong, we see a high degree of disobedience to the authorities, be they law enforcement officers or even the President. The word, ‘obedience’, in Greek is ‘peitharcheo’ or ‘obey one in authority, confirm to advice’ as found in Titus 3:1.
Civil disobedience seems to be the byword because in some quarters, it is the squeaky wheel that gets the attention. Hence, civil disobedience is encouraged.
But should Christians participate in civil disobedience, especially those involving clashes with the police? Does Jesus support violent protest?
Interestingly, when Jesus was betrayed at the Garden of Gethsemane, he chose non-violence and submission to the governing authority. When Simon Peter drew his sword out and cut off the right ear of the High Priest’s servant (John 18:10), Jesus intervened and explained, ‘Put your sword back into its place. For all who take the sword will perish by the sword. Do you think that I cannot appeal to my Father and he will at once send me more than twelve legions of angels.’ (Matt 26:53).
Civil disobedience, in general, is a sin. Please see B108 to B117 (coming soon) – Relationship with Government, as well as B268 – Speech/ Confront, for a more in-depth presentation.
S61 - Disobedience to parents
Parents are placed there to discipline and bring up their children. No parent is perfect since parenting is not an easy job and does not come with an operating manual. Generally, God expects children to obey their parents.
S62 - Reject authority and rebel
Jude 11 speaks about ‘Korah’s rebellion’. Korah rebelled against Moses despite the fact that God spoke directly to Moses. As recorded in Num 16, Korah challenged Moses and asked, ‘Why then do you exalt yourselves above the assembly of the Lord?’ The Lord destroyed not only Korah but his entire household.
The Lord hates rebellion. It was Satan who rejected authority and rebelled against God.
Rebellion is a sin because it is about rejecting authority, especially God appointed ones.
See B108, Relationship with Government/ Submission for more information relating to when Christians might disagree with the ruling government.
S63 - Reject will of God
‘But the Pharisees and the lawyers rejected the purpose of God for themselves,’ – Luke 7:30. Then Luke 12:47 explains, ‘And that servant who knew his master’s will but did not get ready or act according to his will, will receive a severe beating.’
God’s will is obvious when we read his word because there are certain ‘expected things’ for Christians to follow. Yet, other times, God may reveal his specific will to us. John 14:15 says, ‘If you love me, you will keep my commandments.’
It is a sin to reject the purpose of God in our lives. See also Christian behaviors.
S64 - Reject Jesus
In Matt 8, Jesus had just healed two men with demons. Yet, the entire town did not appreciate it and ‘begged him to leave their region’ (Matt 8:34). Here, we see that an entire town rejected Jesus, not just an individual. And the repercussions are great.
Jesus always offers us choices; rejection of Jesus is the same as ‘unbelieving’ in S55, Unbelieving, and is a grave sin.
S65 - Prefer status quo and lukewarmness rather than seek out the manifestation of God's presence
In Luke 8:26-37, Jesus had just healed a man from demonic possession. But in the process, he sent these demons into a herd of pigs. Mark 5:12 specifically mentioned that there were around two thousand pigs. So, it was a very large herd even by our today’s standard. The pigs ‘rushed down the steep bank into the sea and drowned in the sea’ (Mark 5:13).
Instead of thanking Jesus and being awed by the supernatural, the people of the town came out and ‘begged him to leave their region’ (Matt 8:34). Based on what we read, we can suspect that the people were frightened by the supernatural or they chose corporate economic stability rather than the healing of that individual. Or simply they wanted things to be status quo.
Would the term ‘lukewarm’ described them as found in Rev 3:16?
The same might be said of the priest and the Levite who avoided walking toward the beaten up fellow Jews in the story of the Good Samaritan. Instead, they ‘passed him by on the other side’ (Luke 10:31-32); they were indifferent to the needs of their fellow man.
Lukewarmness, apathy or indifference is a serious sin that affects a lot of us. The Lord reprimanded the church in Laodicea for being ‘lukewarm and (being) neither hot nor cold.’ (Rev 3:16).
S66 - Become an antichrist (someone who opposes Jesus Christ)
Obviously, choosing to become an antichrist or even just adopting the values of an antichrist is a sin. The Greek word is ‘antichristos’ and it means choosing to become an enemy of the Messiah.
S67 - Reject the voice of God
Hearing God’s voice is a critical component of being a believer. God speaks to us through his word (both logos and rhema); please see also B249 – Decision making/ Holy Spirit.
Jesus met a man who declared himself to be perfect, having followed the law to the letter. Then, Jesus challenged him, ‘One thing you still lack. Sell all that you have and distribute to the poor, and you will have treasure in heaven; and come follow me’ – Matt 19:22. It was simply too hard for the man. He walked away very sad. The man had fulfilled all the logos but what was missing was obeying the specific word of Jesus to him (the rhema word).
Heb 3:7-8 says, ‘Today, if you hear his voice, do not harden your hearts as in the rebellion, on the day of testing in the wilderness.’ The children of Israel did not enter into the rest of God (Heb 3:18) because they chose to rebel and disobey God (Heb 3:16).
Matt 7:26 calls out such a person who hears the words of God and not do them as a foolish man who built his house on the sand.
The most critical element in rejecting the voice of God is to reject Jesus as Lord and Savior.
To disobey God’s voice when we hear/ read it is an obvious sin.
S68 - Do not possess the fear of God
No fear of God – Romans 3:18, unrighteous people have ‘no fear of God before their eyes.’ The word, ‘fear’, is the Greek word ‘phobos’ or reverence or respect.
If one does not believe in God then one will not necessarily fear God. If there is no God, then there is nothing to worry about regarding afterlife accountability.
But Christians believe in God and a rightful and reverential fear of God prevents us from doing anything foolish.
S69 - Possess a fear of men
John 9:22 says, ‘His parents said these things because they feared the Jews, for the Jews (Pharisees and Sadducees) had already agreed that if anyone should confess Jesus to be Christ, he was to be put out of the synagogue (their religious institution).’
A man, born blind since birth, had been healed by Jesus on a Sabbath. The Jews were upset. They brought his parents and wanted to know whether that was their son. His parents felt intimidated by them and chose to answer vaguely.
The word, ‘fear’ in Greek is ‘afraid’ or ‘phobeo’. It is translated as ‘am afraid’ or ‘terrified’.
Some people might not fear God but many people do fear men. What they do or not do is influenced by how others react. The common term is ‘social norm’; psychologists, sociologists and behavioral scientists acknowledge that social norm is powerful.
The parents in this case feared the Jews (Pharisees and Sadducees); religious leaders have a stronghold on people as the latter sees them as a representative of God. And if these leaders do not approve, does it mean that God might not approve too?
The parents’ actions were influenced by men rather than God. Our actions can too.
In our politically correct world, being a Christian is no more easy. There are the elements of homophobia, as well as Islamophobia. To mention any of these groups in a bad light in social media might invite an avalanche of negative publicity from our friends, colleagues, and relatives, not forgetting the possibility of the mainstream media. Even churches avoid these subjects altogether, leaving a congregation that is confused and without knowledge.
The fear of men stamps from our need for acceptance, recognition, our fear of criticism as well as humiliation. Soon to come, the fear of men might well hit our pockets too, e.g. jobs and contracts.
How many of our decisions and actions are guided by the ‘fear of men’ and not God? The Apostle Peter when threatened with prison told the court officials, said, ‘We must obey God rather than men.’
‘Fear of men’ is sin.
S70 - Love the recognition and praises of man over God's
John 12:43, ‘For they (Pharisees and Sadducees) loved praise from men more than praise from God.’ This is is a parallel to fearing men.
If we choose to do something because it looks good in men’s eyes in order to earn the ‘praises of men’, like giving money to charity because we want to be seen, then it is a sin. That is why Jesus advocated that in such situations, it is good that the ‘left hand does not know what the right hand is doing’ (Matt 6:3).
Instead of avoiding the ‘fear of men’, here we are seeking for the ‘praises of men’. Again, even pastors and politicians do that. Instead of confronting sins, they avoid the word completely. They go soft on negative issues. So do believers.
Jesus promised believers that ‘you will be hated by all for my name’s sake’ (Matt 10:22). Christians do stand for certain absolutes which cannot be compromised. The world will try and alter our behaviors through either fear or praise.
In the Beatitudes, the Lord reminded us with these words, ‘Blessed are you when people hate you and when they exclude you and revile you and spurn your name as evil on account of the Son of Man’ (Luke 6:22).
Believers must beware. The world will get more evil and Christians will be asked to adjust their behaviors through the elements of reward and punishment by the world system. Actions taken to compromise our beliefs in God as a result of praises and fear of men are both sins.
S71 - Be a coward
In John 12:42-43, it explains, ‘many even of the authorities (like Nicodemus, they were part of the elites) believed in him but for fear of the Pharisees they did not confess it, so that they would not be put out of the synagogue for they loved the glory that comes from man more than the glory that comes from God.’
Cowardice is not something the Lord takes to well. In Rev 21:8, it says, ‘for the cowardly ….. Their portion will be in the lake that burns with fire and sulphur which is the second death.’
At the same time, believers were commended when they ‘love not their lives even unto death’ (Rev 12:11).
It is easy for the writer to record this when everything is smooth but there is a saying that we will know who the real Christians are ‘when the rubber meets the road’, that is when real suffering begins.
Cowards are abhorrent to God. Cowardice is an action but even before this is manifested there will be signs to show – like those produced earlier when the person loves the praises of men more than God or the fear men more than God. Believers must be aware of such pitfalls.
Cowardice in the face of an impending unfriendly world to being a Christian is a sin. Believers need the wisdom to deduce when to stand up for God without appearing silly and stupid.
Let us be inspired by watching a story of courage – Man in a red bandanna
S72 - Approve others who practice sinful acts
Rom 1:32 says, ‘They not only do them but give approval to those who practice them.’ The New Living Translation says, ‘Worse yet, they encourage others to do them too.’
Sin is not just isolated to our own doing. It can involve us giving approval or encouraging others to do it. Acts 8:1 says, ‘Saul approved the stoning of Stephen.’ We could only suspect that it would be an awkward conversation between Saul (Later, the name was changed to Paul) and Stephen in heaven but thankfully we are all sinners saved by grace. We are pretty certain that Stephen will be the first to welcome Paul into heaven.
Encouraging others to sin is a sin in itself.
S73 - Betray someone
S74 - Abusive
S75 - Lack of self-control
The Greek word for a lack of self-control is ‘akrates’ or ‘inclined to excess’ or a lack of self-discipline/ self restraint. As we become mature, we are expected to exercise self-discipline and not engage in a hedonistic lifestyle in ‘excesses’ such as the pleasures of eating, drinking, and sex. A lack of self-control can put us in all sorts of compromised positions.
See also S79 – Hedonism.
A believer must practise self-control.
S76 - Self-righteous and a 'holier-than-you' attitude
Jesus told a story about two persons going up to pray; one a tax collector and the other a Pharisee. The Pharisee was going through his checklist of good behavior and ticked them off, giving himself a high score. The tax collector, on the other hand, felt the burden of his own sins and could only utter a prayer for God to be merciful toward him because he was a sinner. Jesus lauded the tax collector and said, ‘This man (the tax collector) went down to his house justified, rather than the other (the Pharisee). For everyone who exalts himself (that is, being self-righteous) will be humbled, but the one who humbles himself will be exalted’ (Luke 18:9-14).
God seeks people who acknowledge their sins and request for mercy from God and not one who is self-righteous before him. Rom 3:10 explains the reason because ‘there is none righteous, no, not one’. All of us are sinners and the only difference between believers and non-believers is that believers are saved by the grace of God through Christ Jesus who became our sacrificial lamb.
Religiosity can creep in unknowingly among ‘older’ Christians (Christians who have been in the faith for a while). Some of us whose personality type may be more judgement may gravitate to being more critical of other Christians or Christian leaders. Hence, the Lord instituted certain behaviors to help us be malleable to overcome these shortcomings.
- Here are some of his suggestions:
- Pray for our leaders and enemies (Matt 5:44),
- Look for opportunities to do good to all (Matt 25:35-40),
- Exercise hospitality to strangers (Heb 13:2),
- Show compassion and love before judgement (Matt 9:36).
Beware of our own self-righteousness.
S77 - Ungrateful
In 2 Tim 3:2, the word ‘ungratefulness’ in Greek is ‘acharistos’ or ‘unthankfulness’. Christians are told to be thankful. Ph 4:6-7 says, ‘Do not be anxious about anything but in every situation, by prayer and petition, with thanksgiving, present your requests to God.’
Some people go through really tough challenges and they end up developing a bitter attitude towards God, people and things in general. God does not pretend that everything is perfect. In fact, God encourages us to vocalize our problems in prayer to him (Ph 4:6-7). He encourages us to wrestle with him in order to know who he is.
The Apostle Paul, who penned 2 Timothy, went through experiences that would have challenged anyone to be grateful. He explained in 2 Cor 11:25-27, ‘Three times I was beaten with rods. Once I was stoned. Three times I was shipwrecked; a night and a day I was adrift at sea; on frequent journeys in danger from rivers, danger from robbers, danger from my own people, danger from Gentiles; danger in the city, danger in the wilderness, danger in sea, danger from false brothers; in toil and hardship, through many a sleepless night, in hunger and thirst, often without food, in cold and exposure.’
Amazingly, when he came to the end of that long list, he could still conclude, ‘For the sake of Christ, I am content with weaknesses, insults, hardships, persecutions, and calamities. For when I am weak, then I am strong.’ (2 Cor 12:10). Paul remained grateful and motivated.
Being thankful is a big part of being a Christian. An ungrateful attitude shows a lack of trust in God.
S78 - Self-seeking ambition
James 3:14 talks about ‘bitter jealousy and selfish ambition in our hearts’. When Jesus prayed the final time at the Garden of Gethsemane in John 17, Jesus showed that he had the Father’s priority right up front. John 17:6 says, ‘I have manifested your name to the people whom you gave me out of the world.’ It is always about the Father.
Being ‘Self-Seeking’ is about someone insisting that things should be carried out on his/ her own way (1 Cor 13:5). It is an ‘unwillingness to yield’ (James 3:17). Jesus did not seek his own agenda nor his glory. John 6:38, ‘For I have come down from heaven not to do my own will but the will of him that sent me.’ Luke 22:42b reiterates, ‘Not my will but yours be done.’
The struggle that we have, regardless of who we are and what we do, is the issue of our own will; it is never one that is easy to master. Practically every believer suffers from this ‘disease’.
Prov 21:2 says, ‘Every way of a man is right in his own eyes but the Lord weighs the hearts.’ Here lies the problem: We don’t even know our own heart or whether we are ‘self-seeking’.
There are strategies to deal with this but it is not covered within this section.
Being Self-seeking is a serious sin because it can bring about ‘evil(ness) and every evil thing’ (James 3:16), especially in a church setting. Regardless of which stage of life we are in, all of us, by the grace of God, have to learn how to master ourselves and our spirit.
S79 - Live a life of self-pleasure (hedonistic and narcissistic lifestyle)
If we are reasonably rich, there are many ways of enjoying the ‘pleasures of life’ and treating our bodies well, including enhancing our bodies, participating in self-gratification, or buying really expensive toys.
We need to take good care of our bodies. 1 Cor 3:16 says, we are ‘God’s temple’. Hence, there is logic in making sure that we do not destroy it through poor lifestyle choices.
But excesses can come to all of us. With the money that we earn, we can either do good with others, spoil it on ourselves, or hoard it in a bank. How we use our money would represent a reflection on who we really are (Matt 6:21) – ‘For where your treasure is, there your heart will be also.’
How do we draw a line? It is not within this project to place judgment but to provide a reminder that ‘hedonism’ (the pursuit of sensual self-indulgence) and ‘narcissism’ (excessive interest in or admiration of oneself and one’s physical appearance) are sins and represent the ‘lust of the flesh’.
S80 - Live life flippantly and carelessly
‘Blessed are you who weep now, for you shall laugh.’ (Luke 6:21) and then the Lord also presents a flip-side to this by saying, ‘Woe to you who laugh now, for you shall mourn and weep.’
We enjoy a good laugh. That is why comedians are revered. But within that laughter may lie great pains which these comedians hide under the veneer of professionalism. Prov 17:22 says, ‘A joyful heart is good medicine but a broken spirit dries up the bones.’
Laughter is good at various points in time. But weeping also brings us back to what life really is and a reminder that we are but vapor.
S81 - Fail to use our gifts and practice wastefulness
In Matt 25, Jesus told a story about a man who entrusted some talents to three servants in various amounts. The one that was given five talents made five more. So did the servant who had two talents. But the one who had only one talent chose to hide it and was severely reprimanded by the man.
More than this, the last servant, the one who only had but one talent, was branded as ‘wicked and slothful’ and was ‘cast into the outer darkness in a place where there is weeping and gnashing of teeth’ (Matt 25:30).
Jesus hated waste. In John 6:12, after he had miraculously fed the five thousand, he got his disciples to gather up the leftovers which came up to twelve baskets of fragments all ‘so that nothing will be wasted’.
Jesus expected us to use our talents for his purpose. Wastefulness and failure to use our talents are grave sins.
S82 - Sow divisions and dissensions among people
Jesus said, when accused by the scribes that he was part of the demonic outfit, ‘If a house is divided against itself, that house will not be able to stand’ (Mark 3:25). Oneness was VERY significant to him.
Paul said, ‘watch out for those who cause divisions and create obstacles contrary to the doctrine’ (Rom 16:17). He stressed to the church of Corinth, ‘that there be no divisions among you but that you be united in the same mind and the same judgment.’ In fact, in Titus 3:10, Paul spelled out the strategy to deal with someone who caused divisions – it was effectively three strikes and you were out.
As an Archangel, Satan led a rebellion against God and caused a major division. whoever sows divisions and dissensions commits a serious sin.
S83 - Unprepared and sleeping believers
Mark 13:36 says, ‘Lest he come suddenly and find you asleep. And what I say to you, I say to all: Stay awake.’ Wow, that is a real warning. S81 focuses on being prepared for the ‘Day of the Lord’.
In Matt 25, Jesus related the story of the five foolish virgins who were caught without oil when the bridegroom arrived and found it too late to go out and buy their oil. These five foolish virgins were locked out of the wedding because they were unprepared.
Believers have no excuses for being unprepared. The Apostle Paul said in 1 Thes 5:4 that believers are without excuses for ‘that day (the Day of the Lord) to surprise you like a thief.’
A principle that you will discover in the Bible is that our God is a God of no surprises. See also D60, Jesus the Son/ Surprises.
We now have the Bible to guide us and in many versions, in Greek and Hebrew, as well as with the different concordances all available on the web. If we read the Word faithfully and open our hearts to the guidance of the Holy Spirit, we will know God as a person.
This project will provide information so that you can be prepared for the Day of the Lord to guide you with good understanding.
Not being prepared is a sin and may result in great suffering. Believers might even succumb to the deception of the devil for Matt 24:10 says, ‘And then many will fall away and betray one another and hate one another.’
S84 - Lack faith in God and blame God
Jesus always rebuked his disciples when they lacked faith. When Peter began to see the waves around him while he was walking on water, he suddenly lost faith and cried out to Jesus, ‘Lord, save me.’ Jesus immediately reached out his hand and took hold of him while saying, ‘O you of little faith, why did you doubt?’ (Matt 14:31). To doubt is to demonstrate a lack of faith.
Paul said in Rom 14:23, ‘Whatever does not proceed from faith is sin.’ In other words, if we don’t have faith, we have sin. Heb 11:6 simply says, ‘For without faith, it is impossible to please him, for whoever would draw near to God must believe that he exists and that he rewards those who seek him.’
It requires faith to believe in God. After all, we see evidence of God’s works but not God physically. That is the initial faith necessary to believe in God. But beyond that, on a day-to-day living, we must still have faith that God will see us through in whatever things that we are doing. If God has told us to act, we must have faith to take that step of action because a lack of faith is sin.
S85 - Acknowledge personal sufficiency to the exclusion of God
Rev 3:17 talks about the church of Laodicea which depended on their ‘richness’. They have reached the stage when they declared, ‘I am rich, I have prospered, and I need nothing.’ The church acknowledged their own self-sufficiency and became lukewarm.
Self-sufficiency, whether in wealth or otherwise, leads to complacency and a rejection of our dependence on God. We forget that even the air that we breathe and the body that we are in are both created by God
Hence, self-sufficiency is a sin – a sin of not needing God.
S86 - Lack the ability to learn and never coming to a knowledge of the truth
1 Cor 8:1 says, ‘This knowledge puffs up.’ The word in Greek is ‘gnosis’ or knowledge, doctrine or wisdom. It is true that knowledge does puff us up although we also need knowledge to live our lives wisely.
Hence, there is a thin line to ensure that we are knowledgeable while remaining humble. 2 Tim 3:7 talks about a people that ‘were always learning and never able to arrive at a knowledge of the truth.’
There are people that keep going for courses but ‘never arriving at a knowledge of the truth.’ With learning, we also need a time to reflect on it. Please also look at S75, Self-Righteous for more information.
In fact, believers who have known the faith for a long time are most susceptible to such a sin.
Inability to learn and being puffed up with knowledge are both sins, the latter being a sin of arrogance.
S87 - Being double-minded
Most people like to be in both camps – that of the world and that of the Lord’s. We like to have our cake and eat it too.
Paul reminded all of us that ‘you cannot drink the cup of the Lord and the cup of demons’ (1 Cor 10:21). It is the same when Jesus mentioned, ‘You cannot serve both God and money’ (Matt 6:24); this is one of the rare times when Jesus demanded an ‘either-or’ response.
James 1:8 explains why because a double-minded man is ‘unstable in all his ways.’ To stay focus, believers have to make a conscious choice of Jesus Christ.
Double-mindedness of believers is a sin. It is dichotomous and believers have to choose one camp.
S88 - Rejoice in unrighteousness and sins
There are people that ‘rejoice at wrongdoing’ as implied in 1 Cor 13:6. Other versions say, ‘Rejoice about injustice’ (NLT) or ‘takes pleasure in evil’ (Berean).
There are other people who enjoy evilness. They love darkness rather than light (John 3:19). They choose lawlessness rather than obedience.
In this warped world, the word ‘wicked’ has actually taken on a ‘good’ feel about it.
To love evil/ unrighteousness/ injustice is obviously a sin.
S89 - Puff up about (immoral) sin and not mourn
S90 - Hateful and hate one another (including believers)
Titus 3:3 mentioned about a state before these people became believers; they hated one another. 1 John 2:9 makes it be known that ‘whoever says he is in the light and hates his brother is still in darkness.’
In 1 John 3:15, John used a stronger word and said that ‘everyone who hates his brother is a murderer.’
It is not within a Christian to hate someone. We might hate the acts of some people like Jesus chastening the Pharisees and religious people for being bad shepherds. Christians must first and foremost love. We are God’s peacemakers.
Some people may have done evilness to us. Yet, revenge is never a word in the vocabulary of a Christian; ‘Vengeance belongs to God’ (Rom 12:19). Tough as it is, our mandate is still to forgive and love.
To hate someone, whether rightly or wrongly, is to go against the very core teaching of Jesus.
S91 - Commit fraud by withholding salaries and wages of workers
If we are an employer, we should never hold back or delay the wages of a worker – an employee or a contractor. James 5:4 makes it clear that employers are not to keep ‘back by fraud’ as the Lord will deal with those cries.
Accounting practices might teach us to delay payment in order to ease our cash outflow but God’s views of justice are different.
As an employer, if you do hold back pay, then you have committed a sin and God will act.
S92 - Take revenge
Rom 12:17-19 says, ‘repay no one evil for evil … and never avenge yourself but leave it to the wrath of God.’
Many movies have revenge as a theme. It is natural for us to seek it out if we feel that we have been wronged. Yet, the Bible teaches us against taking revenge into our own hands but to leave it to God to act on our behalf.
Some of us have had heinous unjustified crimes against us and there is unimaginable anger burning within. Tough as it is, nonetheless, the Bible’s way is still never to seek out revenge but to leave it to God to settle the account. Our role is to forgive.
S93 - Love the world and its things (a worldly Christians)
1 John 2:15 says, ‘Do not love the world or the things in the world. If anyone loves the world, the love of the Father is not in him.’ And then it describes the things of the world as – desires of the flesh, the desires of the eyes and pride of life.
The word, ‘worldliness’, encompasses the latter three items. The Greek word for ‘worldliness’ is kosmos or ‘worldly affairs’ or ‘adornment’. Jesus declared in John 18:36, ‘My kingdom is not of this world.’ In the same way, when we became Christians, we changed our citizenship. While we are physically in the world, our values are not of it (John 17:14-15).
The world’s values are aligned to Satan who incidentally is the ruler of this world. See D91 – Satan/ King of this world. For example, Jesus called Satan ‘the ruler of this world’ (John 14:30).
To love ‘worldliness’ means that we are aligning ourselves to the values of the devil. Hence, it is sin. The various sub-elements have been attended to earlier.
NB: It does not mean that we do not associate with the world. Jesus moved among sinners but never adopted their values. He showed us what it meant regarding being the ‘salt of the earth’ (Matt 5:13).
S94 - Resist the Holy Spirit
The Holy Spirit speaks to us sometimes through soft prompting. The Holy Spirit is like a dove. If believers resist, the Holy Spirit is gentle and will not push.
When we sin, we grieve the Holy Spirit. And if we choose to continuously ignore the prompting by not taking action, then we resist the Holy Spirit. Acts 7:51 – Stephen called out the Jews for being a stiff-necked people who ‘resist the Holy Spirit’.
It is a serious sin to resist the Holy Spirit. Beyond a certain point of disobedience, it could end up becoming an unpardonable sin. See also Hardness of Heart 1 (S58) and Hardness of Heart 2 (S143).
S95 - Have wrongful zeal
The Pharisees and Sadducees were very passionate people. They were prepared to kill anyone that did not subscribe to their way of thinking; Stephen became their victim. They had wrongful zeal. Paul said it later in Rom 10:2 that ‘they have a zeal for God but not according to knowledge. For, being ignorant of the righteousness of God, and seeking to establish their own, they did not submit to God’s righteousness.’
How many leaders of religions are zealous for their versions of God? How many Christians have been incorrect even in our own version relating to God of the Bible?
Wrongful zeal is a sin. Searching out for the right ‘knowledge’ is vital. Understand, for example, that the God of the Bible has a personality and that He can be known by us. It is sad, and sometimes even tragic, to have wrongful zeal.
S96 - Have a wrong focus
Jesus had just arrived in a village. A woman Martha welcomed him. But she was busy doing the preparation. Instead, Mary, her sister, chose to listen to Jesus’ teaching. When Martha complained, Jesus gently reminded her that ‘Mary has chosen the good portion’ (Luke 10:41).
There is a time to be busy but it is so important to set aside time to be with Jesus and just learn. It is a misdemeanor to be busy and lose focus on what matters.
S97 - Give up in the face of persecution or trial
Jesus explained in the parable of the sower that a seed which grows and has no roots will find that when problems come, it will give up easily. Jesus compared that to a believer ‘who has no root in himself, but endures for a while, and when tribulation or persecution arises on account of the word, immediately he falls away’ (Matt 13:21).
Notice that ‘tribulation or persecution’ is normal. Notice also that it is necessary to test who a believer is. All good things must be able to endure a quality check. It is part and parcel of being a Christian. The important thing for a Christian is to pass that test of ‘tribulation or persecution’, of never giving up. It is consistent with that which is found in the Old Testament, Job 23:10, ‘When he has tried me, i shall come forth as refined gold.’
It is a sin to give up, or to not being able to endure. The unchanging message is that of perseverance or endurance especially for end-times’ believers.
S98 - Lost our first love
In Rev 2:1-5, our Lord praised the church of Ephesus initially that they have ‘endured patiently and bore up for (Jesus’s) name’s sake, and have not grown weary.’ But then he carried on and reprimanded them for abandoning the love they had at first and were told to repent.
What is the sin of ‘losing your first love’? The NLT says, ‘You don’t love me or each other as you did at first’ or as the Contemporary English Version says, ‘You don’t have as much love as you used to.’ Wow.
‘Losing our first love’ or the fervor of that first love is sin. How do we ensure that our love to e.g. our spouse is refreshed continuously? How do we not ‘lose our first love’? Can you see how important it is to make sure that we stay in love within our marriages?
S99 - Jealous and envious
The word, ‘Envy’ in Greek as found in Rom 1:29 is ‘phthonos’ and it means someone who has an embittered mind to see another person depress to his own level rather than be satisfied that the other person is better than you. The Greek word ‘pleonexia’ or ‘covetousness’ is found in Eph 5:3 is about ‘lusting for what others possessed’. Another Greek word, ‘zelos’, which means ‘jealousy’ is also included here. The word ‘zelos’ refers to a burning emotion.
But envy and jealousy are sins. We should check ourselves to make sure that we are not upset when others do better than us. We should not belittle them, not in speech nor in our attitude. Instead we should learn to count our own blessings because it will help us appreciate what God has done within our own lives. If we are disheartened, then we should converse with God in prayers.
Here is a reminder to all of us:
Life is the most difficult examination. Many people fail because they try to copy others, not realizing that everyone has a different question paper.
S100 - Submit to the lusts and desires of our eyes (love for possession of things)
This is the submission to the lusts and desires of our eyes as well as the possession of things and is often discussed in the Bible. Materialism existed even then and is a reflection of an attitude. It relates to S98, Jealous and envious.
Luke 12:15 says as in NLT, ‘Beware. Guard against every kind of greed. Life is not measured by how much you own.’ Luke 12:15 implies the importance of us keeping watch on ourselves. Rom 1:29 and 1 Cor 6:10 call it out as ‘greed’. 1 John 2:16 refers to it as ‘the desires of the eyes’.
You want what the eyes see. Of course, the eyes sometimes want more than just material possession and we will examine that later. But materialism or greed for what our eyes want is a sin. Instead, the Bible suggests to us to live a life of contentment (Heb 13:5, Ph 4:11).
S101 - Take advantage to 'murder' the righteous
James 5:6 says, ‘You have condemned and murdered the righteous person. He does not resist you.’
James was referring to rich people of his days who took advantage of their wealth (and position) to condemn some righteous person (possibly someone they don’t like). We know how it is possible that wealthy and powerful people can manipulate the law to their advantage.
This is a sin that the rich and powerful believers must understand. Believers must live upright lives.
S102 - Fail to love others
1 Cor 13 – ‘If I speak in the tongues of men and of angels but have not love, I am a noisy gong or a clanging cymbal.’ – Love is everything a Christian ought to be. You cannot call someone an unloving Christian or an unmerciful believer. Compassion is who we are. The commandment given to us is to ‘Love one another just as I have loved you’ (John 13:34).
If we operate without love (a selfless sacrificial love), then as the Apostle Paul explained we have ‘gained nothing’.
Is it a sin not to love? Is it a sin not to be compassionate? We are certain that hatred is a sin but we are unsure regarding ‘not to love’. However, it will certainly be ‘unchristianed’.
We are saved to love our brothers (and sisters).
See also S88 – Hatred.
S103 - Love to shed some blood
A belligerent person is someone who acts in a hostile and aggressive manner with the intention of seeking out a fight. Rom 3:15-17 describes these people as having ‘feet (that) are swift to shed blood; in their paths are ruin and misery, and the way of peace they have not known.’
Shedding of blood through any form of punishment, including of course beheading, is acceptable to this person.
Christians are called to be ‘peacemakers’ unless it is a war scenario. Christians are asked to live at peace with everyone as far as possible (Rom 12:18).
S104 - Fail to keep our word(s) (Not keeping our promises)
Christians are expected to keep our vows. Jesus interpreted the Old Testament verses and concluded as follows: ‘Again you have heard that it was said to those of old, ‘You shall not swear falsely but shall perform to the Lord what you have sworn.’’ (Matt 5:33). In other words, you shall perform what you have sworn.
But Jesus’ words are more demanding when he said, ‘Let what you say be simply ‘Yes’ or ‘No’; anything more than this comes from evil’ (Matt 5:37). His standards are higher than that recorded in the Old Testament. Jesus is saying – If you make a promise (even verbal ones), you keep a promise. Believers are to keep our words and it does not matter whether it was made under a vow or not.
Christians who make and break promises have committed a sin, the obvious one being lying.
See also S10 – Deceitfulness. It is an oxymoron to be considered a dishonest Christian. Christians are not promise-breakers.
S105 - Engage in factious, antagonistic, and quarrelsome behavior
The word ‘strife’ in Greek found in Rom 13:13 is ‘eris’ or contention, quarrelsome, or a readiness to quarrel. Galatians uses the Greek word, ‘hairesis’ or discord and contention to describe ‘faction’ and ‘eritheia’ for the word ‘contention’ to describe rivalry, feud and faction.
Obviously, a person who is perpetually quarrelsome, and factious reflects an attitude of envy and divisiveness.
Being consistently factious, antagonistic, and quarrelsome is a sin.
S106 - Incline to outbursts of anger and rage
While there is a righteous anger described in Eph 4:26, exhibition of anger, in general, is a sin.
Some cultures tend to be louder than others. Hence, when talking about rage and anger, we may also have to take into consideration differences in cultures.
These ‘outbursts of anger’ can often lead to other more aggressive behaviors like fights and even murders. The person who commits this sin of anger often regrets after ‘coming right’ but for that moment, the person loses it.
At a corporate level, riots and civil unrest represent ‘outbursts of anger’ which can often lead to property damages, clashes with authority, and even loss of life. It is not becoming of a Christian to engage in such activities. Read also B108, Government/ Submission.
Rage or ‘outbursts of anger’ is a sin. If we have weaknesses in this area, then we will need to work on strategies to overcome it. Getting assistance from other people might also be useful.
S107 - Gossip
The word, ‘gossips’ is the Greek word ‘psithurismos’ or ‘whispering’ or secret slandering.
Gossiping causes divisions and is a symptom of discontentment. The Bible has devised methods to arrest gossiping and it requires an offended person to speak directly to the person who is responsible for that discontentment. The process can be found under the ‘Christian Behavior’ segment, B375-B385 (Handling Offences) [NB: The ‘Christian Behavior’ segment will be launched in the next Phase].
Having said that, gossiping or secret slandering is a sin and possibly a major one too. Division is something that the Lord abhorred.
S108 - Slander
Slander is found in 2 Tim 3:2 and Rom 1:30. The Greek word is ‘katalalos’ and it means a back-biter or a defamer. The dictionary defines a ‘slanderer’ as someone who makes a malicious, false, and defamatory statement, including verbally, by writing, and via pictures.
To say something which is untrue with the intent to harm is slandering and that is a sin.
S109 - Utter profanities (crude jokes)
What does the Bible say about crude jokes? 1 Tim 1:9 uses the word ‘profane’. The wider context is ‘unholy behavior’ and speech is one of that. Eph 5:4 is more plain talking and covers off both ‘foolish talking’ and ‘crude joking’ as sins. The Greek word in Eph for ‘foolish talking’ is ‘morologia’.
The NLT describes Eph 5:4 as follows: ‘obscene stories, foolish talk, and coarse jokes’. It suggested replacing these conversations with that of ‘thankfulness to God’.
Believers are instructed not to engage in ‘obscene stories, foolish talk (valueless conversations) and coarse jokes.’
S110 - Lie and deceive
You don’t need to tell a kid to lie. It comes naturally. In fact, you have to teach a kid not to lie. The problem with a lie is that you will always need to create another lie in order to cover up the first lie. And more lies perpetual.
The devil is called the Father of lies in John 8:44 for a reason. The first lie was a half-truth spoken of by the serpent when it tempted Eve to eat of the fruit from the tree of the knowledge of good and evil. The serpent deceived Eve when it questioned, “Did God actually say, ‘You shall not eat of any tree in the garden?'” Gen 3:1. A deception, a half-truth, is more dangerous than an outright lie.
The dictionary defines a lie as a false statement made with the deliberate intent to deceive or an intentional untruth (Note the word, ‘deceive’ or ‘deception’).
There is no rocket science to a lie, even if it is a white lie; a white lie is defined in the Merriam Webster dictionary as a small or unimportant matter that someone tells to avoid hurting another person.
Lying has destroyed many friendships and relationships. Lying belongs to our old nature and it is a sin. See also S10, Deceitfulness.
S111 - Bear false witness and commit perjury
False witnesses was brought by Jesus’ enemies to accuse him when he was before the Council. They wanted to seek testimonies that could put him to death (Mark 14:56-59).
Even today, ‘perjury’, the offence of willfully telling an untruth under oath, is considered a major crime. ‘Thou shalt not bear false witness’ is one of the Ten Commandments. It is that serious.
S112 - Grumble , murmur and complain at God
God hates murmurers; the children of Israel murmured a lot as they left Egypt and moved into the Promised Land. That generation of grumblers were completely destroyed save Caleb and Joshua who chose to take courage in God. See 1 Cor 10:10.
Grumbling, complaining or murmuring is a serious sin; even grumbling at each other. It shows a lack of trust and discontentment toward God. We have to be careful of murmuring and complaining. The Bible recommends that we speak directly with the person involved – Matt 18:15. See the section under Behavior – Handling Offences.
S113 - Use flattery on other people to get what they want
In Jude 16, NLT describes a group of sinful people who ‘flatter others to get what they want’. They speak ‘great swelling words’. What are ‘great swelling words’?
Flattery is a sin of manipulation.
S114 - Boast and spew arrogance
Jude 16 again calls out the ‘loud-mouthed boasters’. These people are proud and arrogant and want everyone to know how well they are doing. They might use non-verbal cues to display their wealth. Or they might throw names around to demonstrate their importance.
The Lord detests boasters.
S115 - Speak evil with malice
Rom 1:29 talks about ‘malice’. Malice is defined as the ‘desire to cause pain, injury or distress to another.’ Both the use of an action or a speech to cause malice is a sin.
Malicious behaviors or speeches usually stamp from underlying issues like jealousy or revenge.
S116 - Carry out empty, foolish and senseless conversations
S117 - Speak evil of glorious beings
S118 - Criticize other people who are good and doing good
Jesus was healing people on the Sabbath. He was going about doing good. But the Pharisees were more interested in him abiding by their version of behavior on a Sabbath. Jesus’s reply was, ‘I ask you, is it lawful on the Sabbath to do good or to do harm, to save life or to destroy it?’
Be careful of criticizing someone who is doing good.
As believers, we must not be guided by just the letter of the law.
S119 - Seek to catch other people in their speeches so that they might be able to accuse them
The Pharisees and scribes were always ‘lying in wait for him (Jesus), to catch him in something he might say’ – Luke 11:54.
They were the religious police. In some Islamic countries, including Saudi Arabia, Sudan, and Malaysia, such practice continues to take place, whereby paid employees, called ‘Morality Police’, are tasked to enforce the Islamic Sharia laws on their fellow Muslims, especially in public places. Some of them even work undercover.
Whether it is practiced by Muslims formally or carried out by religious zealots among Christians, it is not something that Christians should participate in.
But it does not necessarily involve a formal ‘watch’ mechanism. Even as Christians, we might inadvertently practice doing religious policing.
Religious policing, voluntary or otherwise, may be a way of announcing our own self-righteousness. Jesus’s approach to a sinner has always and will always be an encouraging declaration, ‘Go, and sin no more.’
S120 - Utter curses and bitterness
In Rom 3:14, Paul described unrighteous Jews and Greeks with these words, ‘their mouth is full of curses and bitterness.’ Almost every parallel translations called it out as ‘curses and bitterness.’
In Greek, the word ‘curse’ is ‘aras’ or a prayer for evil, as in praying bad things to happen to someone. The word, ‘bitterness’ is ‘pikria’ or ‘an embittered spirit’.
‘Curses and bitterness’ are probably a reflection of a vengeful and an unforgiving spirit. Our speeches can be powerful. Christians have to learn how to get rid of them before they overpower us.
S121 - Entertain lustful intent when looking at a woman
Matt 5:28 points out that ‘everyone who looks at a woman with lustful intent has already committed adultery with her in his heart.’ Jesus’ standard and views on sins are higher than that within the Old Testament.
Jesus had established that having sex with someone in our mind is sin. Would watching pornography be the same?
S122 - Commit adultery
Adultery is defined as the voluntary sexual intercourse between a married person and a person who is not his/ her spouse.
Jesus made it crystal clear that unfaithfulness of a married partner is the only ground for divorce in the New Testament (Matt 19:9).
Unfaithfulness is a serious sin because sex is sacrosanct between a man and his wife. The Old Testament often uses sex as a pictorial means to communicate the message of Israel’s unfaithfulness to God.
Adultery is a serious sin.
S123 - Engage in sex outside marriage
Heb 13:4 explains, ‘Let marriage be held in honor among all and let the marriage bed be undefiled, for God will judge the sexuality immoral and adulterous.’ Sex is between a man and his wife who have entered into holy matrimony (who are married). It is a unique relationship.
To commit sex outside marriage, the term used is fornication, or sexual intercourse between people not married to each other. The world has made it an acceptable thing between two consenting adults. However, among Christians, the Biblical guideline is clear; it is sin.
Sex is a precious thing as two persons of opposite sex are literally naked before each other. It involves a sacred activity where ‘the two become one’. It is not to be taken lightly because sex is not an add-on benefit between two very good friends.
However, in our highly sexualized world with global travel and limited accountability, there are ample temptations and opportunities to have sex. It is, therefore, unsurprising that fornication is widely practiced and taken lightly. That is where the element of self-control will have to be exercised.
From his first century perspective, the Apostle Paul, who was unmarried, understood the issue and offered a practical solution – ‘If anyone thinks that he is not behaving properly toward his betrothed, if his passions are strong, and it has to be, let him do as he wishes; let them marry – it is no sin’ (1 Cor 7:36).
We know it is a difficult world we live in now. Hence, if you are tempted, it is better to find a spouse and be married although we are aware that in our present time this is easier said than done.
S124 - Engage in sex with someone who is unclean (e.g. menstruation)
S125 - Engage in obscene or indecent acts
Sensuality, human passion, orgies, debauchery, lustful pleasure – these are the words found in the verses above.
Lustful pleasures can come in many forms and since the days of Noah, human beings have devised various activities to supposedly bring heightened sexual pleasures.
Whatever forms they belong to, if it is not an activity between a man and his wife, it is sin.
S126 - Engage in unnatural sex
In Romans 1:26-28, the Apostle Paul mentioned about ‘women exchanging their natural relations for those that are contrary to nature … men (also) committing shameless acts with men.’ 1 Tim 1:10 and 1 Cor 6:9 then talk about ‘men who practice homosexuality’ while Jude 7 repeats the term, ‘unnatural desire’.
USLegal.com defines unnatural sex as a US legal term to include oral sex, incest, procreative sex in the wrong position (unsure what this means), sodomy (anal sex), bestiality (sex acts involving animals), and necrophilia (sex acts involving corpses).
The Greek word for ‘homosexual’ is ‘arsenokoites’ or a male engaging in same gender sexual activity. May also be defined as a sodomite.
The Bible talks about ‘natural relations’ and ‘natural desire’. What is natural sex? It is as easy as explaining how we fit a plug into an appropriate socket; one does not fit an electrical plug into just any hole but one that allows electricity to be released from it.
In describing homosexual sex for men, renowned evangelist Reinhard Bonnke offered this description, ‘Do you fit a petrol pump nozzle into the exhaust pipe of your car?’
But unnatural sex is currently not only practiced between man and man. In our curiosity and quest for better sex, some men have turned to their wives and girlfriends to engage in anal sex; according to Psychology Today published in 2015, as many as 38 percent of men ages 18 to 59 had engaged in anal sex with a female partner.
Our research found that ‘unnatural sex’ can be quite dangerous if a man does not use a condom since it also involves fecal matter and the male sexual organ. As you can imagine, it can be quite grossed.
While the world may support sexual diversity and the perverted practice of sex beyond its natural state, ‘unnatural sex’ and ‘unnatural relations’ are abhorrent to the God of the Bible. Men and women have never been designed by God for such relationships.
See S129, Sexual Immorality of all sorts, for more information.
S127 - Divorce a spouse not on the ground of adultery
The New Testament is consistent and it does not matter whether it is found in Matthew, Mark, or Romans. A divorce is only possible due to adultery committed by the other party. If Person X chooses to divorce Person Y not on the ground of adultery, and Person X remarries, then Person X would have committed adultery and it is a sin.
Divorce unfortunately has been taken lightly as societies seem to adopt new non-Biblical values. Even churches have their fair share of divorcees. In any divorce, the family suffers and there will always be a price paid to it. There are no winners that is, unless you are the divorce lawyers. The goal of any Christian counselor is to bring about reconciliation of the couple.
Would a lawyer who specializes in helping people to divorce be classified as Evil Protagonist as in S13, Invent evil things?
S128 - Marry a divorced man/ woman not because of sexual immorality
If Person Z marries a divorcee who chose to divorce not on the ground of infidelity, then Person Z has committed adultery. Again, verses from the Bible above have made that clear. Marriage to another person who did not leave because of infidelity is considered an adultery.
S129 - Commit sexual immorality of all sorts
In 1 Cor 5, a man was having an affair with the wife of his father, that is, effectively his step-mother. That is a gross sin.
To understand sexual sins, it might be worthwhile to review the Torah in the Old Testament:
- Do not commit incest (There is a long list found in Lev 18 defining what ‘incest’ is),
- Do not have sex between two men,
- Do not have sex with a beast.
Deuteronomy 22:25-27 specifies the penalty for the man who rapes a betrothed young woman is death while Deuteronomy 22: 29 explains that if a man rapes an unbetrothed (unmarried) young woman, then he is obliged to pay a big fine and marry her.
It was sexual sins that destroyed the earth during the time of Noah. Gen 6:1-8 explains the ‘wickedness of man’ being ‘great’ when it mentions that ‘the sons of God saw that the daughters of man were attractive and they took as their wives any they chose.’ This project does not aim to define who the ‘sons of God’ were but the choice of marriage was considered one of the ‘vile’ abominations, sufficient for God to punish the earth.
In the case of Sodom and Gomorrah found in Gen 18 and 19, men were craving for men for sexual purposes. When two male angels came to rescue Lot in Sodom, Lot invited them into his household. In the middle of the night, the men of Sodom surrounded the house and demanded these men for sex. Instead, in order to protect these angels, Lot sacrificed his two virgin daughters to them (which was by itself a wicked deed too). Subsequently, both Sodom and Gomorrah were destroyed by the Lord supernaturally.
Any sex, other than that between a man and his wife, is sin.
S130 - Take advantage of 'weak' women (opportunistic)
2 Tim 3:6 talks about ‘weak women’ and how some men try to take advantage of these women.
Men profess love to gain sex and women offer sex in the hope of finding love. It is not exactly like that but the world (even in churches) has many evil men who will take advantage of ‘weaker’ women to gain ‘trophies’. Unfortunately, the writer has seen such things happening even in churches. These men became opportunistic.
To men who take advantage of ‘weak women’, this is evilness. Of course, in a time of gender equality, it might work the other way as well. Whatever it is, to take advantage of someone who is in a vulnerable position for one’s own gain, that is vile.
S131 - Engage in sexual relationships with someone of the same sex
The NLT gave the most explicit description of same sex relationships in Rom 1:26-27. It says about ‘women turned against the natural way to have sex and instead indulged in sex with each other (Lesbianism). And the men, instead of having normal sexual relations with women, burned with lust for each other. Men did shameful things with other men …’
Same-sex sexual relationship, and we have to clarify that, as two persons of the same sex can have a perfectly normal friendship without sex, is currently a highly divisive issue even in churches. There is much pressure from the left leaning liberal mainstream media (MSM) and Hollywood for churches to conform to their beliefs.
It made even para-church organizations, like World Vision to consider altering its employee conduct policy to allow someone in a same-sex marriage to work in the organization.
Rich Stearns, CEO of World Vision USA said, ‘Changing the employee conduct policy to allow someone in a same-sex marriage who is a professed believer in Jesus Christ to work for us makes our policy more consistent with our practice on other divisive issues. It also allows us to treat all of our employees the same way: abstinence outside of marriage, and fidelity within marriage.’
It was only the tremendous financial pressure and criticism from the likes of Franklin Graham, the son of Billy Graham, that saw World Vision USA reversed their decision. Following that, the MSM castigated World Vision while Jacquelline Fuller, director of corporate giving for Google Inc., tendered her resignation from the World Vision Board, starting that ‘I resigned as a board member as I disagreed with the decision to exclude gay employees who marry.’
Chick fil-A ran into the same problem. Chick fil-A, owned by a Christian family, was caught out in 2012 for taking a public stance against equal rights; Dan Cathy, CEO of Chick fil-A, spoke out against the US Supreme Court’s recognition of same-sex marriage. For taking a stand, it set off a wave of protests, with LGBT kiss-ins at Chick fil-A stores as well as some lampooning via music video, with three drag queens skewering Chick fil-A to the tune of Wilson Phillips’ ‘Hold On’.
In many companies and possibly government organizations, a non-acceptance of same sex relationship could be a career limiting move.
Same-sex marriage has also been discussed even among many liberal biblical scholars. They shared six passages of the Bible that targeted homosexuality as follows:
- The story of Sodom and Gomorrah in Gen 19 where the term ‘sodomy’ became synonymous with male homosexual sex.
- The two laws specified in Lev 18:22, and Lev 20:13 where it clearly states that a male shall not lie (have sex) with another male as with a woman for that would be considered an abomination.
- The two verses in 1 Cor 6:9-10 and 1 Tim 1:10 where they make clear that homosexuality (and other vices) will not ‘inherit the kingdom’.
- Finally, it included Rom 1:26-27 as highlighted at the start.
These biblical scholars, however, opined that as there were only six verses out of more than 31,000 verses in the Bible speaking out against homosexuality, a mere 0.016% of the text, it was therefore not a significant topic. This was especially so when compared the homosexual topic against the more than 2,000 verses about money.
Nonetheless, the argument in using the mathematics of 0.016% is unsound when we compared against a mere two verses in the entire Bible specifically telling us not to take on the mark of the beast either on the right hand or the forehead – Rev 13:17 and Rev 14:9. So, does it mean that just because there are only two verses, believers are safe to ignore this instruction? For more information about the mark of the beast, please go to S141, Mark of the Beast.
Franklin Graham also took exception to the same-sex relationship view when he quoted from Gen 2:24 where it says, ‘Therefore, a man shall leave his father and his mother and hold fast to his wife, and they shall become one flesh.’ To him, marriage is between a man and a woman.
Same sex marriage obviously involves unnatural sex as defined in S126, Unnatural Sex. And we know that unnatural sex is a sin.
Like the fitting of a pair of male and female connectors in order to receive electricity, men are never designed for men and neither are women designed for women. We are meant to complement each other.
Sex between two persons of the same sex is, therefore, never acceptable and is a serious sin.
S132 - Tickle the ears of their listeners
2 Tim 4:3 says, ‘For the time is coming when people will not endure sound teaching, but having itching ears they will accumulate for themselves teachers to suit their own passions.’
We are not referring to ‘the people’ here. For that, please see S9, Worship idols. We are talking about ‘teachers’ who suit the passions of their listeners.
The Greek word for ‘itching’ is knetho and it means rub, tickle, scratch, itch. People who want their ears scratched will seek biblical teachers that captivate rather than challenge, entertain rather than enlighten, and tickle rather than toughen.
In the Old Testament, we see Zedekiah, son of Chenaanah, who made himself horns of iron and declared “Thus says the Lord, ‘With these you shall push the Syrians until they are destroyed’ (1 Kings 22:11). King Ahab sought favorable words rather than a word from the Lord.
And there was Hananiah who contradicted Jeremiah’s counsel to the children of Israel to serve Nebuchadnezzar, the king of Babylon. Instead, Hananiah prophesied in the presence of the priests and all the people that ‘within two full years, I (the Lord) will bring back to this place all the vessels of the Lord’s house’ (Jer 28:3).
In both cases, these comforting prophecies proved to be false; they pandered to the people and the king rather than what the Lord had intended them to be.
People will gravitate towards reassuring words, and words of encouragement. But the harsh reality is sometimes God’s words can be tough, politically incorrect and even ‘insensitive’. It even occurred when Jesus was on the earth. Many of his disciples struggled with his teachings and called them ‘hard’. As a result, ‘many of his disciples turned back and no longer walked with him’ (John 6:66)
More than one hundred years ago, William Booth, the founder of the Salvation Army and an Apostle no doubt, said these words, ‘The chief danger that confronts the coming century will be religion without the Holy Ghost, Christianity without Christ, forgiveness without repentance, salvation without regeneration, politics without God, heaven without hell.’
Shepherds of the people must speak the word of the Lord with clarity and not acquiesce to the fear of offending people’s sensibilities. Preachers and pastors must also be careful not to stroke the egos of congregational members in their churches while missing out on their duties as ‘God’s under-shepherds’.
‘You are the sale of the earth but if salt has lost its taste, how shall its saltiness be restored? It is no longer good for anything except to be thrown out and trampled under people’s feet’ – Matt 5:13
As shepherds, beware of tickling the ears of our listeners.
S133 - Hold on to the traditions of men (and not God's)
Humans enjoy tradition as it provides stability and normalcy. But following wrong traditions can lead us down the wrong path.
Jesus upheld a few traditions especially the Holy Communion, and Baptism. He also instituted a way in handling offences between believers which will be discussed further in another section. In other parts, the disciples in the Book of Acts created a tradition of church governance consisting of elders and deacons. And the Book of Hebrews encourages Christians to meet together regularly ‘as is the custom’ (Heb 10:25).
As the church is more than two thousand years old, there have been several prominent Christian leaders who have come and gone. They have also led good movements which some of their followers have turned into denominations. Among them are the Methodists, the Pentecostals, and the Brethrens, each with their own flavors which may not be what the Bible endorses. Over time, new leaders emerged within these denominations carrying on these add-on traditions.
In Matt 15:1-9, the Pharisees and scribes observed that his disciples were not washing their hands when they eat, as was ‘the tradition of the elders.’ Jesus was unimpressed and called them out as hypocrites since they had modified the ‘honor your father and your mother’ commandment. If a person declared that an amount, which was to be given to their parents, had been assigned to the treasury of the temple, then, according to their new ruling, it was acceptable; the tradition of men had superseded the commandment of God (Mark 7:8).
- Here are some known church traditions which are not biblical.
Celebrating Christmas, Good Friday, and Easter – Not in the Bible.
- Washing of disciples’ feet over Easter – Not endorsed. Jesus did it but that was that.
- Bearing the crucifix over Easter – Not endorsed.
- Using solely one Bible translation – Translations are translations. There will always be differences and possible errors. Jesus never told us to use just one translation.
- Praying to Mary, mother of Jesus – Not endorsed. Mary is dead. She was a conduit for God to be on earth although she was a most righteous person.
- Removing musical instruments from worship – Not endorsed. The Old Testament’s musical group used instruments extensively.
- Dressing up for church service as a mark of respect – Not endorsed. John the Baptist wore clothing made of camel’s hair together with a leather belt around his waist. He was quite unconventional.
As custodians of the church, these believers have to be careful to mix their own traditions with that of the Bible.
- Here are some known church traditions which are not biblical.
S134 - Create rules and traditions beyond the Bible
Who creates additional rules in order to give the organisation a unique flavor? Are they not carried out by the leadership team? Hence, leaders have much to answer for.
They define rules that have nothing to do with the Bible. In Col 2:21, Paul said that these people started to define what not to handle, taste, and touch. Paul went on to say, ‘These have indeed an appearance of wisdom in promoting self-made religion and asceticism and severity to the body but they are of no value in stopping the indulgence of the flesh.’
Creating such rules is a sin. In fact, these leaders end up becoming like the Pharisees, binding the people with the tradition of men.
S135 - Enforce compliance regarding these behaviors
Luke 11:46 says, ‘Woe to you lawyers also! For you load people with burdens hard to bear, and you yourselves do not touch the burdens with one of your fingers.’
These religious people of Pharisees and scribes created fear among the commoners for ‘non-compliance’. There was no social media then but these people became like gods to the general population by placing in them ‘fear’ regarding non-compliance (John 7:13); non-compliance would result in them being excluded from the synagogue (John 12:42), a serious affair. A synagogue was a place of worship, a community center and a place to study.
The Pharisees and scribes generated fear regarding non-compliance of their defined, non biblical behaviors. That is a sin.
S136 - Worship angels
Paul says, ‘Let no one disqualify you, insisting on asceticism and worship of angels’ (Col 2:18). Asceticism is defined as ‘pious self-denial’ in NLT, ‘self-abasement’ in the NASV, and ‘voluntary humility’ in KJV. These people worshiped angels.
Does it not sound familiar that even in our days, we have people doing that? If they don’t worship angels, they might worship Mary, the mother of Jesus. Mary, despite her godly virtues, was still a human being made in the image of God and whom God used as a conduit so that his son, Jesus, could enter the world.
S137 - Stumble believers (especially little ones) through (constant) wrong teachings and lifestyle
Being a Bible teacher is a very serious calling. Jesus said, ‘Whoever causes one of these little ones who believe in me to sin, it would be better for him if a great millstone were hung around his neck and he were thrown into the sea’ Mark 9:42.
There are many ways for a leader to stumble someone – improper lifestyle of a leader, wrongful teaching, and inaccurate prophecies. Whatever it is, it is a grave sin to stumble believers.
As believers, the gift of discernment is so vital.
The unpardonable or unforgivable sins are the most serious of all sins because God will never forgive anyone if such a sin(s) is committed even if the person seeks repentance. There are more than one sin that God will not forgive. Hence, it is very important for Christians to pay close attention to them.
S138 - Blaspheme against the Holy Spirit
The verses relating to ‘blaspheming against the Holy Spirit’ are found in all four gospels. It relates to an incident when a group of scribes (senior government officials or the equivalent of ‘smart people’), despite seeing that Jesus had just healed a demon-possessed man who was blind and mute, accused him of being the ‘Beelzebul, the prince of demons’. Jesus then voiced that ‘blasphemy against the Spirit will not be forgiven’ (Matt 12:22-32).
These Pharisees knew their Jewish Bible; they were religious experts. They would have known Isaiah 35:5 that says, ‘the eyes of the blind shall be opened, and the ears of the deaf unstopped.’ To accuse Jesus and call him Beelzebul despite the obvious sign would be tantamount to a conscious choice of belittling and despising God. In the words of a Bible commentator, Henry Alford, ‘it is a state of willful, determined opposition to the present power of the Holy Spirit.’
In our current days, it could be likened to a Christian minister of a denomination who turns to another Christian minister from another church and denounces the latter’s supernatural acts of healing and casting out of demons in Jesus’ name. That would be bordering on ‘blaspheming against the Holy Spirit.’
S139 - Continue sinning deliberately and willfully even after knowing Jesus
Hebrews 10:26-29 says, ‘For if we go on sinning deliberately after receiving the knowledge of the truth, there no longer remains a sacrifice for sins, but a fearful expectation of judgment, and a fury of fire that will consume the adversaries. Anyone who has set aside the law of Moses dies without mercy on the evidence of two or three witnesses. How much worse punishment, do you think, will be deserved by the one who has trampled underfoot the Son of God, and has profaned the blood of the covenant by which he was sanctified, and has outraged the Spirit of grace?’
It explains why continuous and deliberate sinning for a Christian can lead to a stage of unpardonable sin. Who is the one with ‘knowledge of the truth’? A Christian no doubt and possibly a ‘seasoned Christian’. It is a reminder to all Christians that the call of Christ is not to carry on our sinful ways going forward. Jesus’ word to all of us has always been the same – ‘Go and sin no more’ (John 8:11).
The verses in Hebrews are directed at Christians who sin willfully, deliberately and continuously, without regard to the precious blood which Jesus had shed for us. It does not relate to someone who repents repeatedly because Jesus said that every time we repent, God will forgive, even up to seventy times seven (Matt 18:21-22).
1 John 1:6 says, ‘If we say we have fellowship with him while we walk in darkness, we lie and do not practice the truth.’ Believers cannot walk and live in darkness once we know the truth. And the ‘darkness’ is described as ‘continuing in sin.’
1 John 3:6-9 is quite clear, ‘No one who abides in him keeps on sinning; no one who keeps on sinning has either seen him or known him …. Whoever makes a practice of sinning (NB: ‘practice’ = ‘continuous’ or ‘unrepentant’) is of the devil, for the devil has been sinning from the beginning.’
Such ‘Christians’ end up hardening their hearts and consciences.
S140 - Sell off our birthrights by disassociating with Jesus permanently
Hebrews 12:16b-17 talks about the story of Esau who sold his birthright and ‘after, when he desired to inherit the blessing, he was rejected for he found no chance of repent, though he sought it with tears.’ In Luke 9:26, it talks about a believer who is ‘ashamed of (Jesus) and of his words’ and that ‘the Son of Man (will be) ashamed when he comes in his glory’.
Heb 6:4-6 spells out the elements of those ‘who fall away’ and deny Christ:
- They were once enlightened (these were believers),
- They have tasted the heavenly gift (they have experienced the baptism of the Holy Spirit),
- They have become partakers of the Holy Spirit,
- They have tasted the goodness of God’s word (they are familiar with the Bible), and
- The powers of the age to come (they have experienced the supernaturals).
In other words, a born-again, spirit-filled believer who belittles the value of being a believer and who chooses to reject Jesus consciously, deliberately and continuously without repentance, as in S139, will come to a difficult end. They have ‘crucified him (Jesus) again’ and ‘put him to an open shame’ (Heb 6:6). NB: The Apostle Peter, despite disavowing his friendship with Christ, nonetheless repented.
The Apostle Peter compared them to a dog that returns to his own vomit or a ‘sow having washed, to her wallowing in the mire.’ (2 Peter 2:22)
Meanwhile, those Christians in Rev 12:11, refused to disown Jesus but instead chose to give up their lives because ‘they love not their lives even unto death.’
S141 - Take on the mark of the beast (666) on either our right hand or forehead
Rev 13:16-18 reads, ‘It causes all, both small and great, both rich and poor, both free and slave (that is, everyone), to be marked on the right hand or the forehead so that no one can buy or sell unless he has the mark, that is, the name of the beast or the number of its name. This calls for wisdom; let the one who has understanding calculate the number of the beat, for it is the number of man and his number is 666.’
What exactly is the mark of the beast?
If we were living two millennium years’ ago, you would be wondering what the Apostle John was thinking about. We now know that the technology is available to have a ‘mark’ and it is done through a microchip. The implantation of microchips began with that of animals since 1996. Lately, human beings have began accepting microchips into the bodies. Sweden is probably one of those in the forefront, with an implanted microchip expected to replace the credit cards. A USA Today 2017 article, Gene Munster, an investor and analyst at Loup Ventures, predicted that by 2067, we will have been desensitized by the social stigma’ and the ‘negative connotation’ of being chipped. It will indeed be the case.
The temptation to adopt an implant will be tremendous and intense since the microchip can do quite a number of amazing things. It can even monitor basic health status of our body by, for example, tracking temperature, sugar-level, as well as the performance of our heart. We suspect that the number of people subscribing voluntarily to this ‘trendy’ phenomenon will grow exponentially over time and quickly too. Both Hollywood and the mainstream media (MSM) will promote a message of ‘progressiveness’ and ‘technological advancement’. When the Antichrist arrives on the world stage, it will become mandatory for everyone to have this implant.
Is the chip the ‘image of the number 666’? Accompanying the microchip is a need to give each person a universal unique identifier (UUI). That UUI is generated by a numbering technology. It can get quite complicated to explain that technology within this project and hence, we will not be answering these questions.
The project team emphasizes that believers should never have anything implanted into either their right hand or forehead that is for the purpose of ‘buying and selling’ (as in Rev 13:17) since Rev 14:9 says, ‘If anyone worships the beast and its image and receives a mark on his forehead or on his hand, he also will drink the wine of God’s wrath, poured full strength into the cup of his anger, and he will be tormented with fire and sulfur in the presence of the holy angels and in the presence of the Lamb.’
Can we accept a computer chip into our body if it is not for the purpose of ‘buying and selling’? This is debatable. It will be a conscious decision for believers not to take on the mark as they will pay a heavy price in doing so.
Read also S142, Worship the beast.
S142 - Worship the beast (antichrist) and his image
Rev 14:9 says, ‘If anyone worships the beast and its image and receives a mark on his forehead or on his hand, he also will drink the wine of God’s wrath, poured full strength into the cup of his anger, and he will be tormented with fire and sulfur in the presence of the holy angels and in the presence of the Lamb.’
In addition to taking on the mark, there is the issue of worshiping the beast. Who is the beast? He is described as the antichrist in Revelation. But what about his image? With computer technological advancement, can we imagine what the image might look like?
In the days of King Nebuchadnezzar, he made himself an image that was about thirty meters tall. Daniel 3:5-6 reads, ‘When you hear the sound of the horn, pipe, lyre, trigon, harp, bagpipe, and every kind of music, you are to fall down and worship the golden image that King Nebuchadnezzar has set up. And whoever does not fall down and worship shall immediately be cast into a burning fiery furnace.’
King Nebuchadnezzar had provided the antichrist a blueprint of how a synchronized worship can be done. In fact, the project team suggests that the blueprint might be similar to, for example, the call to prayer carried out at the Islamic minarets.
Again, it is amazingly accurate that the Apostle and Prophet John foresaw these happenings. Everyone, and it includes believers, who choose to worship the beast and take on the mark will effectively have entered into an unpardonable stage.
Rev 20:4 says, ‘I saw the souls of those who had been beheaded for the testimony of Jesus and for the word of God, and those who had not worshiped the beast or its image and had not received its mark on their foreheads or their hands. They came to life and reigned with Christ for a thousand years.’
Who are those who have been beheaded? Christians or Non-Christians?
Who are those who did not choose the mark on their foreheads or their hands?
Who are those who ‘came to life and reigned with Christ for a thousand years’?
The promise from God to Christians who have been beheaded (not just killed) in the Tribulation is that they will be the ones that will participate in the first resurrection and to rule and reign with Christ during the millennium years.
S143 - Continue in non-repentance through the acceptance of 'another Jesus'
2 Cor 11:4 highlights a situation when people starts accepting ‘another Jesus than the one (we/ Paul) proclaimed’. It is not the Jesus that we know as in the Bible.
Many great religions have Jesus in their ‘special’ books but not in the way that the Bible has portrayed Jesus to be.
The Catholic Church, for example, although often considered ‘Christian’, is really another religion. It elevates Mary, the mother of Jesus, above Jesus arguing that since Mary gave birth to Jesus, she is therefore the ‘Mother of God’ and, with it, a special place. For instance, Catholics pray for the intercession of Mary as they believe since she is in heaven, she will have a ‘better connection’ to Christ. Some equated it to the role of Bathsheba in the Old Testament as the Queen Mother to Solomon who interceded on behalf of the people. Hence, the Queen Mother of heaven (Mary, the mother of Jesus) can intercede for us, effectively making her a powerful influencing factor on Jesus.
Meanwhile, in Islam, Muslims also respect and revere Jesus and considered him as one of the greatest of God’s messengers to mankind. The Quran concurs with his virgin birth as well as the many miracles he performed but it does not affirm that Jesus is the Son of God and a co-equal with God. When a person converts to Islam, the new convert only needs to recite the phrase, ‘There is no god but Allah and Muhammad is his Messenger (Prophet)’ thus tellingly removing Jesus from the equation.
Both of these religions showcase Jesus differently from what we find in the Bible. The acceptance of ‘another Jesus’ is the same as ‘Rejection of Jesus’ found in S144.
It only becomes ‘unpardonable’ if a person continues to accept ‘another Jesus’ rather than to repent of his/ her sins and put his/ her faith in Jesus.
NB: Believers might note that in the last of the last days, this ‘another Jesus’ will show up performing great ‘power and signs and miracles’. Believers are reminded not to be deceived by this display of awesomeness and ‘believe (in) these lies’ – 2 Thes 2:9-11, Rev 13:13-14.
S144 - Continue in non-repentance through the rejection of Jesus (Hardness of heart 2)
John 11:47-48, ‘So the chief priests and the Pharisees gathered the council and said, “What are we to do? For this man performs many signs. If we let him go on like this, everyone will believe in him, and the Romans will come and take away both our place and our nation.’
S144 relates to non-Christians who keep rejecting God despite being given opportunities to repent. In the verses above, the Pharisees saw the workings of miracles but yet choose to deliberately reject Jesus. Hence, it naturally reaches a point of no return.
Continuous non-repentance may be likened to the Pharaoh’s recalcitrant effort in despising the God of Israel during the time of Moses despite seeing all the miracles. There are ten places where the term ‘hardening’ was used for the Pharaoh’s heart. Up until Plaque Five, it was ‘the heart of the Pharaoh’ that was hardened; that is, the Pharaoh was ‘hardening’ his own heart. From Plague Six onward, the Bible reports that ‘the Lord hardened the heart of Pharaoh’ (Ex 9:12). Plague Six onward represents the point of no return.
There were fourteen men imprisoned in their cells at Nuremberg, Germany. These were no ordinary prisoners; they were high ranking Nazis going on trial for war crimes committed during World War 2. Some of them would literally be fighting for their lives.
All prisoners were visited by Henry Gerecke, who served as spiritual adviser and chaplain to these top Nazi war criminals. Among the prisoners was Alfred Rosenberg, a fifty-two year old Nazi philosopher who served as the Minister of Occupied Eastern Territories. He rejected everything that Gerecke suggested on his first visit and never attended any chapel service on Sunday evenings nor did he accept a Bible. Rosenberg was eventually sentenced to death by the International Military Tribunal on 1 Oct 1946, with execution scheduled a little after a fortnight on 16 Oct.
On that fateful night, even as he was escorted to the gallows, Rosenberg remained unwavering. When asked by Gerecke whether he would say a prayer, he smiled and replied, ‘No, thank you.’ Gerecke noted in his diary, ‘He lived without a Savior and that is the way he died.’
Rosenburg rejected Jesus completely even when he was given a chance to repent. Rosenburg fulfilled the criterion of S144 – Continuous non-repentance through the rejection of Jesus as Savior.
Thankfully, out of those six who were executed, Gerecke reckoned that four came to the Lord, some at the very last moment.
S145 - Choose to continue sinning rather than repenting
John 3:18 – And this is the judgment: the light has come into the world, and people loved the darkness rather than the light because their works were evil.
This is about a choice – a choice taken by those who prefer ‘darkness to light’ (John 3:19). Because God created us as beings and not robots, all of us have choices.
There will always be people who decide to follow a path of evil and there will be doubters (Matt 28:17). These people choose to satisfy their own appetite and think only about life on earth. Paul called them the ‘enemies of the cross of Christ’ (Ph 3:19).
We will never know why but a rejection of Jesus by the time we leave the earth for good, especially for those who have been given the chance to hear the message, is an ‘unpardonable sin’ with eternal implications.
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